How to format your references using the Zoologischer Anzeiger citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zoologischer Anzeiger. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mishra, J., 2014. Having it all. Science 345, 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ban, Y., Chen, X., 2014. Counter-diabatic driving for fast spin control in a two-electron double quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 4, 6258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacchione, D.A., Pratson, L.F., Ogston, A.S., 2002. The shaping of continental slopes by internal tides. Science 296, 724–727.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Myong, S., Bruno, M.M., Pyle, A.M., Ha, T., 2007. Spring-loaded mechanism of DNA unwinding by hepatitis C virus NS3 helicase. Science 317, 513–516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A., 2005. Analytical Troubleshooting of Process Machinery and Pressure Vessels. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zajda, J., Daun, H. (Eds.), 2009. Global Values Education: Teaching Democracy and Peace, Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrew, P., Montenero, A.S., 2007. Cryocatheter Ablation for Atrial Flutter, in: Gulizia, M.M. (Ed.), Current News in Cardiology: Proceedings of the Mediterranean Cardiology Meeting (Taormina, May 20–22, 2007). Springer, Milano, pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zoologischer Anzeiger.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Pluto’s Heart Is A Young Radioactive Sea Of Flowing Nitrogen Icebergs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States (No. OGC-95-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ciolek, R., 2017. A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik, D.E., 2013. Zvonko Busic, 67, Croatian Hijacker. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mishra, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ban and Chen, 2014; Mishra, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ban and Chen, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Myong et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleZoologischer Anzeiger
AbbreviationZool. Anz.
ISSN (print)0044-5231
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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