How to format your references using the Journal of Process Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Process Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Abbott, Art imitating high-energy physics, Nature. 404 (2000) 219.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Panning, B. Romanowicz, Inferences on flow at the base of Earth’s mantle based on seismic anisotropy, Science. 303 (2004) 351–353.
A journal article with 3 authors
V.G. Cheung, S.L. Sherman, E. Feingold, Genetics. Genetic control of hotspots, Science. 327 (2010) 791–792.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Jha, P. Ramesh, E. Bekyarova, X. Tian, F. Wang, M.E. Itkis, R.C. Haddon, Functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube-based fuel cell benchmarked against US DOE 2017 technical targets, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.J. Grimble, Robust Industrial Control Systems, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, England, 2006.
An edited book
F. Aharonian, Astrophysics at Very High Energies: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 40. Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Vistulo de Abreu, E.N.M. Nolte‘Hoen, C.R. Almeida, D.M. Davis, Cellular Frustration: A New Conceptual Framework for Understanding Cell-Mediated Immune Responses, in: H. Bersini, J. Carneiro (Eds.), Artificial Immune Systems: 5th International Conference, ICARIS 2006, Oeiras, Portugal, September 4-6, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Process Control.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Newly discovered gassy exoplanet has Earth-like mass, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.B. Goetz, Perceptions toward a restraint-free practice: A case study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; A Contest of 2 Generations, Molded by 2 Different Wars, New York Times. (1992) 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Process Control
AbbreviationJ. Process Control
ISSN (print)0959-1524
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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