How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fauci, A. S. Race against time. Nature 435, 423–424 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
Brucker, R. M. & Bordenstein, S. R. Response to Comment on ‘The hologenomic basis of speciation: gut bacteria cause hybrid lethality in the genus Nasonia’. Science 345, 1011 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Imai, T., Suzuki, M. & Sakano, H. Odorant receptor-derived cAMP signals direct axonal targeting. Science 314, 657–661 (2006).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Li, R. et al. Generation of diffraction-free optical beams using wrinkled membranes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2775 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare, D. M. Electric Power Generation. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011).
An edited book
Glass, B. P. Distal Impact Ejecta Layers: A Record of Large Impacts in Sedimentary Deposits. (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Burns, S. N. Gene Expression, Epigenetic Regulation, and Cancer. in Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer (eds. Mishra, M. K. & Bishnupuri, K. S.) 79–96 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Urology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Humanity Is Not Ready To Face Off Against Asteroids Yet. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Abatement. (1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, V. S. A Mixed Methodology Exploration of White Female Pre-Service Teachers’ Discussions of Race and Gender through Presentations of Counternarratives in Children’s Literature Books. (George Washington University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Hearing On Media Curbs. New York Times A6 (2003).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Urology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Urol.
ISSN (print)1759-4812
ISSN (online)1759-4820

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