How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marder, T. B. Chemistry. Boron goes on the attack. Science 314, 69–70 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouibes, A. & Zaoui, A. High-pressure polymorphs of ZnCO₃: evolutionary crystal structure prediction. Sci. Rep. 4, 5172 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M. A., Plotkin, J. B. & Jansen, V. A. The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 404, 495–498 (2000).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Gustafsson, F. S., Whiteside, M. D., Jiranek, V. & Durall, D. M. Development and use of a quantum dot probe to track multiple yeast strains in mixed culture. Sci. Rep. 4, 6971 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ford, I. Statistical Physics. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013).
An edited book
Advanced Methods of Continuum Mechanics for Materials and Structures. vol. 60 (Springer, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, S., Agrawal, D. & El Abbadi, A. A Comprehensive Framework for Secure Query Processing on Relational Data in the Cloud. in Secure Data Management: 8th VLDB Workshop, SDM 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, September 2, 2011, Proceedings (eds. Jonker, W. & Petković, M.) 52–69 (Springer, 2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Urology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Step Into Pluto Time With This NASA App. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Freight Railroads: Electronic Supplement on Rates and Other Industry Trends, 1985-2005 (GAO-07-292SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-291R. (2007).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. Cognitive processes of prioritization in multitasking. (Mississippi State University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. Sailing Into Storms and Solitude. New York Times 812 (2002).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Urology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Urol.
ISSN (print)1759-4812
ISSN (online)1759-4820

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