How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webb, S. C. The Earth’s ‘hum’ is driven by ocean waves over the continental shelves. Nature 445, 754–756 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
Yelenik, S. G. & D’Antonio, C. M. Self-reinforcing impacts of plant invasions change over time. Nature 503, 517–520 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Roditi, H. A., Fisher, N. S. & Sañudo-Wilhelmy, S. A. Uptake of dissolved organic carbon and trace elements by zebra mussels. Nature 407, 78–80 (2000).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Aungst, J. L. et al. Centre-surround inhibition among olfactory bulb glomeruli. Nature 426, 623–629 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, F., Kemp, J. & Ilkka, J. Mobile Web Services. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006).
An edited book
Polymer Characterization: Rheology, Laser Interferometry, Electrooptics. vol. 230 (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, V. & Reinartz, W. Implementing the CRM Strategy. in Customer Relationship Management: Concept, Strategy, and Tools (ed. Reinartz, W.) 55–85 (Springer, 2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Urology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Most Vitamins Are Useless, But Here Are The Ones You Should Take. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1989. (1991).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brugna, R. A. Augmenting the clinical clerkship curriculum of a physician assistant training program with distance education technology: Educational outcomes and student perceptions. (Capella University, 2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. How Powerful Is Your Workout? New York Times G9 (2008).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Urology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Urol.
ISSN (print)1759-4812
ISSN (online)1759-4820

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