How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hapgood, M. Astrophysics: Prepare for the coming space weather storm. Nature 484, 311–313 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
DellaPenna, D. & O’Connor, S. E. Plant science. Plant gene clusters and opiates. Science 336, 1648–1649 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, J. L., Bohannan, B. J. M. & Whitaker, R. J. Microbial biogeography: from taxonomy to traits. Science 320, 1039–1043 (2008).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Shim, J. et al. Controlled crack propagation for atomic precision handling of wafer-scale two-dimensional materials. Science 362, 665–670 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atkin, N., Biddiss, M. & Tallett, F. The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).
An edited book
Kozłowski, M. Thermal Processes Using Attosecond Laser Pulses: When Time Matters. vol. 121 (Springer, 2006).
A chapter in an edited book
Hirschinger, M. & Moser, R. Non-Ownership Commercial Mobility and Humanitarian Logistics: New Perspectives to Improve Response Times and Long-Term Impact. in Managing Humanitarian Logistics (eds. Sahay, B. S., Gupta, S. & Menon, V. C.) 51–60 (Springer India, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Urology.

Blog post
Fang, J. Study Concludes That Women Who Squirt During Sex Are Actually Peeing. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Passenger Rail Security: Consistent Incident Reporting and Analysis Needed to Achieve Program Objectives. (2012).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowetski, D. B. Manipulation of DNA topology using an artificial DNA-looping protein. (University of Maryland, College Park, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. & Cooper, M. Big Teachers’ Fund to Sell Its Gun Shares. New York Times B3 (2013).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Urology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Urol.
ISSN (print)1759-4812
ISSN (online)1759-4820

Other styles