How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Relman, D. A. Microbiology. Undernutrition--looking within for answers. Science 339, 530–532 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hegerl, G. & Stott, P. Atmospheric science. From past to future warming. Science 343, 844–845 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hu, S., Shima, T. & Hou, Z. Carbon-carbon bond cleavage and rearrangement of benzene by a trinuclear titanium hydride. Nature 512, 413–415 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Bessereau, J. L. et al. Mobilization of a Drosophila transposon in the Caenorhabditis elegans germ line. Nature 413, 70–74 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schwedt, G. Zuckersüße Chemie. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2010).
An edited book
1.
Proceedings of the Institute of Industrial Engineers Asian Conference 2013. (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yang, C., Ma, H. & Fu, M. Object Detection and Tracking. in Advanced Technologies in Modern Robotic Applications (eds. Ma, H. & Fu, M.) 97–156 (Springer, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Urology.

Blog post
1.
Evans, K. Weather Channel Issues Unusual Warning: ‘This Is Not Hyperbole, And I Am Not Kidding’ — Leave. IFLScience (2016).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Need To Improve Policies and Procedures for Approving Grants Under the Emergency School Assistance Program. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hunt, S. A. A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change. (Pepperdine University, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly, J. The Patriarch. New York Times BR12 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Urology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Urol.
ISSN (print)1759-4812
ISSN (online)1759-4820
ScopeUrology

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