How to format your references using the Textual Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Textual Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A journal article with 2 authors
A journal article with 3 authors
A journal article with 4 or more authors

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
An edited book
A chapter in an edited book

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Jurgenne H. Primavera, ‘Global voices of science: Mangroves, fishponds, and the quest for sustainability’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 310.5745 (7/October 2005), pp. 57–59 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1115179]..
This sentence cites two references Jurgenne H. Primavera, ‘Global voices of science: Mangroves, fishponds, and the quest for sustainability’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 310.5745 (7/October 2005), pp. 57–59 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1115179]; Laura L. Kiessling and Matthew B. Kraft, ‘Chemistry. A path to complex carbohydrates’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 341.6144 (26/July 2013), pp. 357–358..
This sentence cites four references Jurgenne H. Primavera, ‘Global voices of science: Mangroves, fishponds, and the quest for sustainability’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 310.5745 (7/October 2005), pp. 57–59 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1115179]; Laura L. Kiessling and Matthew B. Kraft, ‘Chemistry. A path to complex carbohydrates’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 341.6144 (26/July 2013), pp. 357–358; J. Bradley, D. Reuter, and S. Frings, ‘Facilitation of calmodulin-mediated odor adaptation by cAMP-gated channel subunits’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 294.5549 (7/December 2001), pp. 2176–2178; Aaron Alt, Katja Lammens, Claudia Chiocchini, Alfred Lammens, J. Carsten Pieck, David Kuch, Karl-Peter Hopfner, and Thomas Carell, ‘Bypass of DNA lesions generated during anticancer treatment with cisplatin by DNA polymerase eta’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 318.5852 (9/November 2007), pp. 967–970 [http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1148242]..

About the journal

Full journal titleTextual Practice
ISSN (print)0950-236X
ISSN (online)1470-1308
Scope

Other styles