How to format your references using the Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dustin, M.L., 2006. Immunology. When F-actin becomes too much of a good thing. Science 313, 767–768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, P., Parkhurst, S.M., 2003. Development. May the force be with you. Science 300, 63–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fändrich, M., Fletcher, M.A., Dobson, C.M., 2001. Amyloid fibrils from muscle myoglobin. Nature 410, 165–166.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fischle, W., Tseng, B.S., Dormann, H.L., Ueberheide, B.M., Garcia, B.A., Shabanowitz, J., Hunt, D.F., Funabiki, H., Allis, C.D., 2005. Regulation of HP1-chromatin binding by histone H3 methylation and phosphorylation. Nature 438, 1116–1122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt, P.J., Kennedy, J.E., 2005. Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Estévez, P.A., Príncipe, J.C., Zegers, P. (Eds.), 2013. Advances in Self-Organizing Maps: 9th International Workshop, WSOM 2012 Santiago, Chile, December 12-14, 2012 Proceedings, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomppo, E., Heikkinen, J., Henttonen, H.M., Ihalainen, A., Katila, M., Mäkelä, H., Tuomainen, T., Vainikainen, N., 2011. Discussion, in: Heikkinen, J., Henttonen, H.M., Ihalainen, A., Katila, M., Mäkelä, H., Tuomainen, T., Vainikainen, N. (Eds.), Designing and Conducting a Forest Inventory - Case: 9th National Forest Inventory of Finland, Managing Forest Ecosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 179–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Researchers Reveal How Close Santorini Came To Erupting In 2012 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. IRS’ ADP Budget: Issues That Could Affect Funding of Personnel System Project (No. IMTEC-88-45). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koyanagi, T., 2017. Design and Synthesis of Archaea-Inspired Tetraether Lipids (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.A., 2003. BUSINESS TRAVEL: ON THE GROUND -- Paris; A City of Good Food, Fashion and Corporate Drama. New York Times C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dustin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dustin, 2006; Martin and Parkhurst, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Parkhurst, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Fischle et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleZoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology
AbbreviationZool. Anz.
ISSN (print)0044-5231
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

Other styles