How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. A. Charo, “SCIENCE AND GOVERNMENT. Yellow lights for emerging technologies,” Science, vol. 349, no. 6246, pp. 384–385, Jul. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Roll-Mecak and R. D. Vale, “Structural basis of microtubule severing by the hereditary spastic paraplegia protein spastin,” Nature, vol. 451, no. 7176, pp. 363–367, Jan. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. W. Lyons, C. T. Reinhard, and N. J. Planavsky, “The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere,” Nature, vol. 506, no. 7488, pp. 307–315, Feb. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Eichenfield, J. Chan, R. M. Camacho, K. J. Vahala, and O. Painter, “Optomechanical crystals,” Nature, vol. 462, no. 7269, pp. 78–82, Nov. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Toy, Networks and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
K. A. Sackheim, Ed., Rehab Clinical Pocket Guide: Rehabilitation Medicine. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Hupkens, A. Deutz, K. Yang, and M. Emmerich, “Faster Exact Algorithms for Computing Expected Hypervolume Improvement,” in Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part II, A. Gaspar-Cunha, C. Henggeler Antunes, and C. C. Coello, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Reports Of An Earth-like Planet Around Our Nearest Neighbor,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “New or Renovated Warehouse Space Provided Under Extended Storage Agreements,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-84-49, Oct. 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Bonin, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of electromagnetic activity in the brain prior to reaches to visual targets,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, “CHILDREN’S BOOKS,” New York Times, p. 732, Sep. 25, 1994.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
ISSN (print)0364-9059
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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