How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “Building Nordic networks,” Nature, vol. 420, no. 6916 Suppl, pp. A3, A5, A7, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. May and J. Davis, “Preparing for the worst,” Nature, vol. 443, no. 7114, pp. 907–908, Oct. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Q. P. Unterreithmeier, E. M. Weig, and J. P. Kotthaus, “Universal transduction scheme for nanomechanical systems based on dielectric forces,” Nature, vol. 458, no. 7241, pp. 1001–1004, Apr. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. R. Oppenheimer, N. C. Hambly, A. P. Digby, S. T. Hodgkin, and D. Saumon, “Direct detection of galactic halo dark matter,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5517, pp. 698–702, Apr. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Kulkarni and G. Harman, An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
K. Jensen, J. Billington, and M. Koutny, Eds., Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency III, vol. 5800. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Meyer, “An Automatic Technique for Static Deadlock Prevention,” in Perspectives of System Informatics: 9th International Ershov Informatics Conference, PSI 2014, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 24-27, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, A. Voronkov and I. Virbitskaite, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, pp. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Why US And Chinese Cities Will Make Or Break Any Global Climate Deal,” IFLScience, 25-Sep-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “HUD-Assisted Renters,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-95-167R, May 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. M. Roberts, “Resilience in Physically Maltreated Adolescents: Interpersonally Related Protective Factors and Gender Differences,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “You’re Killing Me Susana,” New York Times, p. C13, 16-Feb-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
ISSN (print)0364-9059
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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