How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. E. Ricklefs, “Cladogenesis and morphological diversification in passerine birds,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 6997, pp. 338–341, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Meibom and R. Frei, “Evidence for an ancient osmium isotopic reservoir in Earth,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5567, pp. 516–518, Apr. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Myrskylä, H.-P. Kohler, and F. C. Billari, “Advances in development reverse fertility declines,” Nature, vol. 460, no. 7256, pp. 741–743, Aug. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. L. Sprague et al., “Mars’ south polar Ar enhancement: a tracer for south polar seasonal meridional mixing,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5700, pp. 1364–1367, Nov. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Krasner, A History of Modern Drama. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
V. Tarokh, Ed., New Directions in Wireless Communications Research. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M. T. Moirta, M. Nakamura, and M. Tasaka, “Gravity Sensing, Interpretation, and Response,” in Biocommunication of Plants, G. Witzany and F. Baluška, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering.

Blog post
B. Taub, “Snails Can Make Decisions Using Just Two Brain Cells,” IFLScience, Jun. 07, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Weather Service Modernization: Risks Remain That Full Systems Potential Will Not be Achieved,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-AIMD-97-85, Apr. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. J. Kovacev, “Encouraging employee entrepreneurial spirit: A phenomenological case study of a large technology enterprise,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Puerto Rico Has Another Debt Worry on Horizon,” New York Times, p. B1, Aug. 05, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
ISSN (print)0364-9059
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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