How to format your references using the Zagazig University Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zagazig University Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom P. Behavior. Can a dog learn a word? Science. 2004 Jun 11;304(5677):1605–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mourou G, Tajima T. Physics. More intense, shorter pulses. Science. 2011 Jan 7;331(6013):41–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gardner TJ, Naef F, Nottebohm F. Freedom and rules: the acquisition and reprogramming of a bird’s learned song. Science. 2005 May 13;308(5724):1046–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Clutton-Brock TH, Russell AF, Sharpe LL, Young AJ, Balmforth Z, McIlrath GM. Evolution and development of sex differences in cooperative behavior in meerkats. Science. 2002 Jul 12;297(5579):253–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham C. Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics).
An edited book
Ames M. How Pop Culture Shapes the Stages of a Woman’s Life: From Toddlers-in-Tiaras to Cougars-on-the-Prowl. Burcon S, editor. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. XII, 291 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Koo MG. The ASEAN+‘X’ Framework and its Implications for the Economic-Security Nexus in East Asia. In: Aggarwal VK, Govella K, editors. Linking Trade and Security: Evolving Institutions and Strategies in Asia, Europe, and the United States. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 89–109. (The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zagazig University Medical Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. Baby Elephant Is Rescued From A Drain In Sri Lanka [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Securities Regulation: Hostile Corporate Takeovers: Synopses of Thirty-Two Attempts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: GGD-88-48FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turpin-Padberg S. Effects of Elementary Teacher Preparation and Support on Retention [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wihbey J, Beaudet M. Financial Disclosure, Wrapped in Secrecy. New York Times. 2016 Oct 4;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleZagazig University Medical Journal
ISSN (print)1110-1431

Other styles