How to format your references using the Zagazig University Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zagazig University Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peeples MS. Astronomy: Cosmic fog and smog. Nature. 2015 Jan 22;517(7535):444–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hossfeld U, Olsson L. Portraits of science. From the modern synthesis to Lysenkoism, and back? Science. 2002 Jul 5;297(5578):55–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang JT, Chen C, Kawazoe Y. New carbon allotropes with helical chains of complementary chirality connected by ethene-type π-conjugation. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 29;3:3077.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Das G, Chirumamilla M, Toma A, Gopalakrishnan A, Zaccaria RP, Alabastri A, et al. Plasmon based biosensor for distinguishing different peptides mutation states. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çayirci E, Rong C. Security in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2009.
An edited book
Beckert B, Damiani F, Boer FS de, Bonsangue MM, editors. Formal Methods for Components and Objects: 10th International Symposium, FMCO 2011, Turin, Italy, October 3-5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. X, 356 p. 129 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7542).
A chapter in an edited book
Minet O, Dressler C, Beuthan J, Zabaryło U, Zukiene R, Midaziene V. Fluorescence Imaging of Calcium Loading and Mitochondrial Depolarization in Cancer Cells Exposed to Heat Stress. In: Geddes CD, editor. Reviews in Fluorescence 2008. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 89–118. (Reviews in Fluorescence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zagazig University Medical Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Gluten-Sensitive People Could Avoid Symptoms With This Enzyme Tablet. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-89-81.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cole Jackson M. National school reform: the benefits of civility and ethics instruction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Charleston Chews And Sugar Babies: Fistfuls of Nostalgia. New York Times. 2010 Feb 7;NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleZagazig University Medical Journal
ISSN (print)1110-1431

Other styles