How to format your references using the Zagazig University Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zagazig University Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broecker WS. Climate change CO2 arithmetic. Science. 2007 Mar 9;315(5817):1371.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott LF, Regehr WG. Synaptic computation. Nature. 2004 Oct 14;431(7010):796–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu S, Shima T, Hou Z. Carbon-carbon bond cleavage and rearrangement of benzene by a trinuclear titanium hydride. Nature. 2014 Aug 28;512(7515):413–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schnaufer A, Panigrahi AK, Panicucci B, Igo RP Jr, Wirtz E, Salavati R, et al. An RNA ligase essential for RNA editing and survival of the bloodstream form of Trypanosoma brucei. Science. 2001 Mar 16;291(5511):2159–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sobel A. All for One. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Swamy PP, Guru DS, editors. Multimedia Processing, Communication and Computing Applications: Proceedings of the First International Conference, ICMCCA, 13-15 December 2012. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013. XXXV, 345 p. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 213).
A chapter in an edited book
Varekamp JC, McElroy AE, Mullaney JR, Breslin VT. Metals, Organic Compounds, and Nutrients in Long Island Sound: Sources, Magnitudes, Trends, and Impacts. In: Latimer JS, Tedesco MA, Swanson RL, Yarish C, Stacey PE, Garza C, editors. Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 203–83. (Springer Series on Environmental Management).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zagazig University Medical Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. This Kid Had A Close Encounter With A Lion In Japan. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Programs: Information on the Ed-Flex Demonstration Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Dec. Report No.: HEHS-98-61R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green B. Bullying of Individuals with Disabilities on a College Campus: A Qualitative Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. Dance Moves, Everywhere. New York Times. 2017 Apr 7;MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleZagazig University Medical Journal
ISSN (print)1110-1431

Other styles