How to format your references using the Zagazig University Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zagazig University Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vrakking M. Journal club. A physicist discusses how to visualize a molecule changing shape. Nature. 2010 May 20;465(7296):271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whorton MR, MacKinnon R. X-ray structure of the mammalian GIRK2-βγ G-protein complex. Nature. 2013 Jun 13;498(7453):190–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinde CA, Johnstone RA, Kilner RM. Parent-offspring conflict and coadaptation. Science. 2010 Mar 12;327(5971):1373–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Han Z, Yin W, Zhang J, Niu S, Ren L. Active anti-erosion protection strategy in tamarisk (Tamarix aphylla). Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 5;3:3429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
zur Hausen H. Infections Causing Human Cancer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
Gabryś-Barker D, Piechurska-Kuciel E, Zybert J, editors. Investigations in Teaching and Learning Languages: Studies in Honour of Hanna Komorowska. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013. XIV, 286 p. (Second Language Learning and Teaching).
A chapter in an edited book
Farfel J, Stefanovic D. Towards Practical Biomolecular Computers Using Microfluidic Deoxyribozyme Logic Gate Networks. In: Carbone A, Pierce NA, editors. DNA Computing: 11th International Workshop on DNA Computing, DNA11, London, ON, Canada, June 6-9, 2005 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 38–54. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zagazig University Medical Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Indian Boy Born With Three Penises [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Supplemental Student Loans: Who Are the Largest Lenders? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Feb. Report No.: HRD-90-72FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xiong Y. Immuno-Magnetic T Cell Depletion for Allogeneic Hematological Stem Cell Transplantation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. From Restaurant Fryers, A Petroleum Alternative. New York Times. 2007 Nov 4;14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleZagazig University Medical Journal
ISSN (print)1110-1431

Other styles