How to format your references using the Zagazig University Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zagazig University Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmer C. Beyond the ivory tower. A distant mirror for the brain. Science. 2004 Jan 2;303(5654):43–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaya M, Higuchi H. Nonlinear elasticity and an 8-nm working stroke of single myosin molecules in myofilaments. Science. 2010 Aug 6;329(5992):686–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldreich P, Lithwick Y, Sari R. Formation of Kuiper-belt binaries by dynamical friction and three-body encounters. Nature. 2002 Dec 12;420(6916):643–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen Z-G, Ni X, Wu Y, He C, Sun X-C, Zheng L-Y, et al. Accidental degeneracy of double Dirac cones in a phononic crystal. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 9;4:4613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bains G. Cultural DNA. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Soell H, editor. Helmut Schmidt: Pioneer of International Economic and Financial Cooperation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XXVII, 162 p. 22 illus., 9 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice; vol. 20).
A chapter in an edited book
Tomppo E, Gabler K, Schadauer K, Gschwantner T, Lanz A, Ståhl G, et al. Summary of Accomplishments. In: Tomppo E, Gschwantner T, Lawrence M, McRoberts RE, editors. National Forest Inventories: Pathways for Common Reporting. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zagazig University Medical Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S. Arctic Warming Shrinks Birds With A Price To Pay In Tropics [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2010 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Nov. Report No.: GAO-11-120R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins SH. Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alexander K. Fry, Baby. New York Times. 2008 Oct 5;MM77.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleZagazig University Medical Journal
ISSN (print)1110-1431

Other styles