How to format your references using the International Journal of Biological Macromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Kiessling, Paleoecology. Life’s complexity cast in stone, Science. 314 (2006) 1254–1255.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Shlomai, C.M. Rice, Virology. Getting rid of a persistent troublemaker to cure hepatitis, Science. 343 (2014) 1212–1213.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Randow, J.D. MacMicking, L.C. James, Cellular self-defense: how cell-autonomous immunity protects against pathogens, Science. 340 (2013) 701–706.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Audero, E. Coppi, B. Mlinar, T. Rossetti, A. Caprioli, M.A. Banchaabouchi, R. Corradetti, C. Gross, Sporadic autonomic dysregulation and death associated with excessive serotonin autoinhibition, Science. 321 (2008) 130–133.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Gwynne, World Religions in Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
Inamuddin, A. Mohammad, eds., Green Chromatographic Techniques: Separation and Purification of Organic and Inorganic Analytes, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
R.I. Godøy, Chunking Sound for Musical Analysis, in: S. Ystad, R. Kronland-Martinet, K. Jensen (Eds.), Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval. Genesis of Meaning in Sound and Music: 5th International Symposium, CMMR 2008 Copenhagen, Denmark, May 19-23, 2008 Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Most Of Our Galaxy’s Antimatter Comes From Supernovae, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Deferral of Energy Research and Development Administration Budget Authority, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Henderson, The effect of Interactive Metronome training on sports confidence and putting performance, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, It’s That ’80s Show, New York Times. (2017) C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
AbbreviationInt. J. Biol. Macromol.
ISSN (print)0141-8130
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology
General Medicine

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