How to format your references using the Clinical Psychology Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Psychology Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. (2001). Senators call for biodefence boost. Nature, 413(6855), 441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szathmáry, E., & Hammerstein, P. (2004). Obituary: John Maynard Smith (1920-2004). Nature, 429(6989), 258–259.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurtovic, A., Widmer, A., & Dickson, B. J. (2007). A single class of olfactory neurons mediates behavioural responses to a Drosophila sex pheromone. Nature, 446(7135), 542–546.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, J.-B., Gao, H.-W., Zhang, Y.-L., Zhang, Y., Zhou, X.-F., Li, C.-Q., & Gao, H.-P. (2014). Developmental toxicity of diclofenac and elucidation of gene regulation in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Scientific Reports, 4, 4841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taber, D. F. (2006). Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mrozynski, G. (2013). Electromagnetic Field Theory: A Collection of Problems. (M. Stallein, Ed.). Wiesbaden: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag.
A chapter in an edited book
Lind, G. (2016). Fostering Minerals Workforce Skills of Tomorrow through Education and Training Partnerships. In P. J. Mackey, E. J. Grimsey, R. T. Jones, & G. A. Brooks (Eds.), Celebrating the Megascale: Proceedings of the Extraction and Processing Division Symposium on Pyrometallurgy in Honor of David G.C. Robertson (pp. 77–84). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Psychology Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, December 10). One drug to rule them all: New medication could treat wide range of diseases. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Use of Corps Electronic Signature System (No. AIMD-94-179R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diggs, B. J. (2017). African American Online Doctor of Management Students’ Perceptions of Dissertation Writing and Support: Narrative Inquiry (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Urban, M., & Deegan, L. (2016, February 6). T-Shirt Weather in the Arctic. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Knight, 2001; Szathmáry & Hammerstein, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szathmáry & Hammerstein, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Kurtovic, Widmer, & Dickson, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Psychology Review
AbbreviationClin. Psychol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0272-7358
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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