How to format your references using the Yakuzai Ekigaku (Japanese Journal of Pharmacoepidemiology) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Yakuzai Ekigaku (Japanese Journal of Pharmacoepidemiology). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Flight MH. Drug discovery: Structure-led design. Nature. 2013 Oct 17;502(7471):S50-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Charness G, Fehr E. ECONOMICS. From the lab to the real world. Science. 2015 Oct 30;350(6260):512–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Little AF, van Oppen MJH, Willis BL. Flexibility in algal endosymbioses shapes growth in reef corals. Science. 2004 Jun 4;304(5676):1492–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Canzoneri E, Marzolla M, Amoresano A, Verni G, Serino A. Amputation and prosthesis implantation shape body and peripersonal space representations. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 3;3:2844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hahn GJ, Doganaksoy N. A Career in Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Hong B, Meng X, Chen L, Winiwarter W, Song W, editors. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 18th International Conference, DASFAA 2013, International Workshops: BDMA, SNSM, SeCoP, Wuhan, China, April 22-25, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XVIII, 245 p. 99 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7827).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sujetovienė G. Monitoring Lichen as Indicators of Atmospheric Quality. In: Upreti DK, Divakar PK, Shukla V, Bajpai R, editors. Recent Advances in Lichenology: Modern Methods and Approaches in Biomonitoring and Bioprospection, Volume 1. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 87–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Yakuzai Ekigaku (Japanese Journal of Pharmacoepidemiology).

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What’s Mother’s Day If You’ve Been Born In A Machine And Raised By Robots? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Long-Term Strategic Vision Would Help Ensure Targeting of E-rate Funds to Highest-Priority Uses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Mar. Report No.: GAO-09-253.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McCready M. Examining the Role of Community Capacity for Sustainable Water Planning through Local Urban Governance: A Case Study Analysis of Waukesha, Wisconsin [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Baseball Could Wait Until School Was Done. New York Times. 2017 Feb 17;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleYakuzai Ekigaku (Japanese Journal of Pharmacoepidemiology)
ISSN (print)1342-0445
ISSN (online)1882-790X
Scope

Other styles