How to format your references using the ROBOMECH Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ROBOMECH Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benjamin S (2000) QUANTUM CRYPTOGRAPHY: Single Photons. Science 290:2273–2274
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratajczak Z, Nippert JB (2012) Comment on “Global resilience of tropical forest and savanna to critical transitions.” Science 336:541; author reply 541
A journal article with 3 authors
Lind PA, Berg OG, Andersson DI (2010) Mutational robustness of ribosomal protein genes. Science 330:825–827
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang J, Song X, Li Y, et al (2005) Inner core differential motion confirmed by earthquake waveform doublets. Science 309:1357–1360

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman NP (2012) Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Blossing U, Imsen G, Moos L (2014) The Nordic Education Model: “A School for All” Encounters Neo-Liberal Policy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Hustvedt G, Meier E, Waliczek T (2016) The Feasibility of Large-Scale Composting of Waste Wool. In: Muthu SS, Gardetti MA (eds) Green Fashion: Volume 1. Springer, Singapore, pp 95–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ROBOMECH Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Here’s What You Need To Know About Protein Supplements. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Student Financial Aid Information: Systems Architecture Needed to Improve Programs’ Efficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robles B (2009) Academic achievement among foster care children with a disability: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Borden S (2012) A Photo Finish Too Close to Call, Even by Camera. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleROBOMECH Journal
AbbreviationROBOMECH J.
ISSN (online)2197-4225

Other styles