How to format your references using the ROBOMECH Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ROBOMECH Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kushner JA (2012) Development. Esophageal stem cells, where art thou? Science 337:1051–1052
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik P, Smith A (2002) A route to flexible working. Nature 415:4–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Xi Z, Khoo CCH, Dobson SL (2005) Wolbachia establishment and invasion in an Aedes aegypti laboratory population. Science 310:326–328
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Obmolova G, Ban C, Hsieh P, Yang W (2000) Crystal structures of mismatch repair protein MutS and its complex with a substrate DNA. Nature 407:703–710

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tasman A, Kay J, Ursano RJ (2013) The Psychiatric Interview. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Agrawal P, Fleming PJ, Zhang L, et al (2007) Wireless Communications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Bhaduri PP, Hegde P, Satz H, Tribedy P (2010) An Introduction to the Spectral Analysis of the QGP. In: Sarkar S, Satz H, Sinha B (eds) The Physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma: Introductory Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 179–197

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ROBOMECH Journal.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Dakota Access Pipeline Has Been Leaking Oil, And It’s Not Even Operational Yet. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Human Capital: Attracting and Retaining a High-Quality Information Technology Workforce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo K (2017) Sana Mente Center. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Nassau Coliseum Moves Closer to Renovation. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleROBOMECH Journal
AbbreviationROBOMECH J.
ISSN (online)2197-4225

Other styles