How to format your references using the Xenotransplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Xenotransplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dickson D. Calls for international biotech panel. Nature 2000; 403: 821.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lopes WA, Jaeger HM. Hierarchical self-assembly of metal nanostructures on diblock copolymer scaffolds. Nature 2001; 414: 735–738.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sun A, Lauher JW, Goroff NS. Preparation of poly(diiododiacetylene), an ordered conjugated polymer of carbon and iodine. Science 2006; 312: 1030–1034.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Lee K, Jessop H, Suswillo R, Zaman G, Lanyon L. Endocrinology: bone adaptation requires oestrogen receptor-alpha. Nature 2003; 424: 389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sofronas A. Case Histories in Vibration Analysis and Metal Fatigue for the Practicing Engineer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
1.
Bakker S, Hausen D, Selker T, eds. Peripheral Interaction: Challenges and Opportunities for HCI in the Periphery of Attention. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Schlich B, Noll T, Brauer J, Brutschy L. Reduction of Interrupt Handler Executions for Model Checking Embedded Software. In: Namjoshi K, Zeller A, Ziv A, editors. Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 5th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2009, Haifa, Israel, October 19-22, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011: 5–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Xenotransplantation.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Why Do Our Friends Want Us To Drink And Dislike It When We Don’t? IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/why-do-our-friends-want-us-to-drink-and-dislike-it-when-we-dont/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Current Efforts and Proposed Changes to Improve Performance of FAA’s Air Traffic Control System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Verret JE. Property Tax Limitations, School District Revenues, and Equity: Analyses of Pennsylvania’s Act One. 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wilson M. In Officers’ 4-Wheeled “Home,” A Shattered Sense of Security. New York Times 2017 A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1,2,3,4].

About the journal

Full journal titleXenotransplantation
AbbreviationXenotransplantation
ISSN (print)0908-665X
ISSN (online)1399-3089
ScopeImmunology
Transplantation

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