How to format your references using the Xenotransplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Xenotransplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Inguscio M. Physics. How to freeze out collisions. Science 2003; 300: 1671–1673.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Baker RP, Urban S. Cytosolic extensions directly regulate a rhomboid protease by modulating substrate gating. Nature 2015; 523: 101–105.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Valet J-P, Meynadier L, Guyodo Y. Geomagnetic dipole strength and reversal rate over the past two million years. Nature 2005; 435: 802–805.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Fernández-Pacheco A, Serrano-Ramón L, Michalik JM et al. Three dimensional magnetic nanowires grown by focused electron-beam induced deposition. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 1492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Armstrong RA, Hilton AC. Statistical Analysis in Microbiology: Statnotes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1.
Iliadis L, Papadopoulos H, Jayne C, eds. Engineering Applications of Neural Networks: 14th International Conference, EANN 2013, Halkidiki, Greece, September 13-16, 2013 Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dissanayake CB, Chandrajith R. Medical Geology of Fluoride. In: Chandrajith R, editor. Introduction to Medical Geology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009: 59–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Xenotransplantation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Functional 3D Brain Tissue Successfully Grown From Stem Cells. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Administration: Planning for Loan Monitoring System Has Many Positive Features But Still Carries Implementation Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gonzales M. Examining institutional career preparation: Student perceptions of their workplace readiness and the role of the university in student career development. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. U.S. Soccer’s Home And the World’s New Destination. New York Times 2011 B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1,2,3,4].

About the journal

Full journal titleXenotransplantation
AbbreviationXenotransplantation
ISSN (print)0908-665X
ISSN (online)1399-3089
ScopeImmunology
Transplantation

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