How to format your references using the Horticultural Plant Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticultural Plant Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brashears, M.E., 2013. Humans use compression heuristics to improve the recall of social networks. Sci. Rep. 3, 1513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chase, J.M., Leibold, M.A., 2002. Spatial scale dictates the productivity-biodiversity relationship. Nature 416, 427–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loope, D.B., Rowe, C.M., Joeckel, R.M., 2001. Annual monsoon rains recorded by Jurassic dunes. Nature 412, 64–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xue, W., Zender, L., Miething, C., Dickins, R.A., Hernando, E., Krizhanovsky, V., Cordon-Cardo, C., Lowe, S.W., 2007. Senescence and tumour clearance is triggered by p53 restoration in murine liver carcinomas. Nature 445, 656–660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meschede, D., 2017. Optics, Light, and Lasers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Tsihrintzis, G.A., Virvou, M., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), 2013. Multimedia Services in Intelligent Environments: Recommendation Services, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Salinelli, E., Tomarelli, F., 2014. Complessità dei sistemi dinamici non lineari: biforcazioni e caos, in: Tomarelli, F. (Ed.), Modelli Dinamici Discreti, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano, pp. 129–183.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticultural Plant Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Man Claims Tropical Spider Burrowed Under His Skin Via Appendix Scar [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Glossary of EDP Terminology (No. 130989). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claypool, K.K., 2017. Organizational Success: How the Presence of Happiness in the Workplace Affects Employee Engagement that Leads to Organizational Success (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kalogerakis, G., 2012. A Life in Pictures. New York Times MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brashears, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brashears, 2013; Chase and Leibold, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chase and Leibold, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Xue et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticultural Plant Journal
AbbreviationHortic. Plant J.
ISSN (print)2468-0141

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