How to format your references using the Horticultural Plant Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticultural Plant Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P., 2008. Triumph of the medieval mind. Nature 452, 816–818.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silljé, H.H.W., Nigg, E.A., 2003. Signal transduction. Capturing polo kinase. Science 299, 1190–1191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnarez, C., Marrink, S.J., Periole, X., 2013. Identification of cardiolipin binding sites on cytochrome c oxidase at the entrance of proton channels. Sci. Rep. 3, 1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
von Mering, C., Hugenholtz, P., Raes, J., Tringe, S.G., Doerks, T., Jensen, L.J., Ward, N., Bork, P., 2007. Quantitative phylogenetic assessment of microbial communities in diverse environments. Science 315, 1126–1130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, H.K., 2005. PACS and Imaging Informatics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kallsen, J., Papapantoleon, A. (Eds.), 2016. Advanced Modelling in Mathematical Finance: In Honour of Ernst Eberlein, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Naoi, K., 2013. Electrochemical Supercapacitors and Hybrid Systems, in: Brodd, R.J. (Ed.), Batteries for Sustainability: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 93–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticultural Plant Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. ‘Ultracool’ Dwarf Star Hosts Three Potentially Habitable Earth-Sized Planets Just 40 Light-Years Away [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Information Technology: OMB Can More Effectively Use Its Investment Reviews (No. GAO-05-571T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eutz, R.J., 2014. The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2013. In Detroit Ruling, Threats to Promises and Assumptions. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2008; Silljé and Nigg, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silljé and Nigg, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (von Mering et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticultural Plant Journal
AbbreviationHortic. Plant J.
ISSN (print)2468-0141

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