How to format your references using the Horticultural Plant Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticultural Plant Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kump, L.R., 2009. Atmospheric science. Tipping pointedly colder. Science 323, 1175–1176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dauphas, N., Kasting, J.F., 2011. Low pCO2 in the pore water, not in the Archean air. Nature 474, E2-3; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurtley, S., Ash, C., Roberts, L., 2010. Tuberculosis & malaria. Landscapes of infection. Introduction. Science 328, 841.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tripp, T.M., Meiring, J.D., Prochaska, J.X., Willmer, C.N.A., Howk, J.C., Werk, J.K., Jenkins, E.B., Bowen, D.V., Lehner, N., Sembach, K.R., Thom, C., Tumlinson, J., 2011. The hidden mass and large spatial extent of a post-starburst galaxy outflow. Science 334, 952–955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tschannen-Moran, B., Tschannen-Moran, M., 2010. Evocative Coaching. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Navarra, A., Tubiana, L. (Eds.), 2013. Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean: Volume 2: Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services and People, Advances in Global Change Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Alpay, D., Colombo, F., Sabadini, I., 2016. Quaternionic Functional Analysis, in: Colombo, F., Sabadini, I. (Eds.), Slice Hyperholomorphic Schur Analysis, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticultural Plant Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Dogs Incredibly Accurate When Sniffing Out Cancer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (No. GAO-05-28R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mickey, J., 2017. Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Tigers’ Cabrera Speaks Cordially and Carries a Big Stick. New York Times D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kump, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dauphas and Kasting, 2011; Kump, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dauphas and Kasting, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Tripp et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticultural Plant Journal
AbbreviationHortic. Plant J.
ISSN (print)2468-0141

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