How to format your references using the Horticultural Plant Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticultural Plant Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Belzig, W., 2015. QUANTUM SIMULATION. Josephson contacts of neutral strongly interacting fermions. Science 350, 1470.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makova, K.D., Li, W.-H., 2002. Strong male-driven evolution of DNA sequences in humans and apes. Nature 416, 624–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lam, F.H., Steger, D.J., O’Shea, E.K., 2008. Chromatin decouples promoter threshold from dynamic range. Nature 453, 246–250.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Auslaender, O.M., Steinberg, H., Yacoby, A., Tserkovnyak, Y., Halperin, B.I., Baldwin, K.W., Pfeiffer, L.N., West, K.W., 2005. Spin-charge separation and localization in one dimension. Science 308, 88–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox, H.C., Higgins, M.C., Owens, D.K., 2013. Medical Decision Making. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Horst, R.K. (Ed.), 2008. Westcott’s Plant Disease Handbook, Seventh Edition. ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Martens, P.N., Mistry, M., Ruhrberg, M., 2006. Prospects for a Sustainable Aluminum Industry, in: Gleich, A. von, Ayres, R.U., Gößling-Reisemann, S. (Eds.), Sustainable Metals Management: Securing Our Future - Steps Towards a Closed Loop Economy, Eco-Efficiency in Industry and Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 97–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticultural Plant Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Genetic Analysis Reveals Ancient Connection Between Fins and Hands [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Surface Transportation: Issues Related to Preserving Inactive Rail Lines as Trails (No. RCED-00-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leonard, J.M., 2001. The Effect of Manufacturing Establishments on Local Area per Capita Personal Income in the U.S. 1967-1990 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. For Revival, MTV Pivots To Its Past. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Belzig, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Belzig, 2015; Makova and Li, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makova and Li, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Auslaender et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticultural Plant Journal
AbbreviationHortic. Plant J.
ISSN (print)2468-0141

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