How to format your references using the Horticultural Plant Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticultural Plant Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoshino, M., 2003. Space physics. Coupling across many scales. Science 299, 834–835.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orphanides, G., Reinberg, D., 2000. RNA polymerase II elongation through chromatin. Nature 407, 471–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholz, M., Lo, C.-C., Chain, P.S.G., 2014. Improved assemblies using a source-agnostic pipeline for MetaGenomic Assembly by Merging (MeGAMerge) of contigs. Sci. Rep. 4, 6480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dai, Z.R., Bradley, J.P., Joswiak, D.J., Brownlee, D.E., Hill, H.G.M., Genge, M.J., 2002. Possible in situ formation of meteoritic nanodiamonds in the early Solar System. Nature 418, 157–159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P.I., 2013. Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Daniels, J., Hoffman, M.R. (Eds.), 2011. Common Musculoskeletal Problems: A Handbook. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Johannes, W.J., Smilde, P.L., 2009. Gravity Anomalies and Disturbances: Reductions and Analyses, in: Smilde, P.L. (Ed.), Gravity Interpretation: Fundamentals and Application of Gravity Inversion and Geological Interpretation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 151–179.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticultural Plant Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Over 95% Of The World’s Population Suffer From Health Problems [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: Significant Problems of Critical Automation Program Contribute to Risks Facing 2010 Census (No. GAO-08-550T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washburn, S.J., 2006. The Epiphytic Macrolichens of the Greater Cincinnati, Ohio, Metropolitan Area (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Lead Story. New York Times ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoshino, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoshino, 2003; Orphanides and Reinberg, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orphanides and Reinberg, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dai et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticultural Plant Journal
AbbreviationHortic. Plant J.
ISSN (print)2468-0141

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