How to format your references using the Horticultural Plant Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Horticultural Plant Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman, M.R., 2009. Physics. Chasing arcs in cuprate superconductors. Science 325, 1080–1081.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiseman, B.S., Werb, Z., 2002. Stromal effects on mammary gland development and breast cancer. Science 296, 1046–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russell, D.G., Barry, C.E., 3rd, Flynn, J.L., 2010. Tuberculosis: what we don’t know can, and does, hurt us. Science 328, 852–856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tian, P., Keusters, D., Suzaki, Y., Warren, W.S., 2003. Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy. Science 300, 1553–1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Howe, T.R., 2011. Marriages & Families in the 21st Century. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ng, C.-H.C., Fox, R., Nakano, M. (Eds.), 2016. Reforming Learning and Teaching in Asia-Pacific Universities: Influences of Globalised Processes in Japan, Hong Kong and Australia, Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Biggio, B., Bulò, S.R., Pillai, I., Mura, M., Mequanint, E.Z., Pelillo, M., Roli, F., 2014. Poisoning Complete-Linkage Hierarchical Clustering, in: Fränti, P., Brown, G., Loog, M., Escolano, F., Pelillo, M. (Eds.), Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, S+SSPR 2014, Joensuu, Finland, August 20-22, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Horticultural Plant Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Old World Monkey Brains may Have Evolved Complexity Before Size [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Federal Aviation Administration: Agency Is Taking Steps to Plan for and Train Its Technician Workforce, but a More Strategic Approach Is Warranted (No. GAO-11-91). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fregoso, J., 2015. Through the pipeline: Degree aspirations of African American and Latino males enrolled in California community colleges (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2017. Puerto Rico, Mired in Debt, Approves a Rescue Plan. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Norman, 2009; Wiseman and Werb, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiseman and Werb, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tian et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleHorticultural Plant Journal
AbbreviationHortic. Plant J.
ISSN (print)2468-0141

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