How to format your references using the Journal of Micropalaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micropalaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Andrian, U. H.: Immunology. T cell activation in six dimensions, Science, 296, 1815–1817, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gruber, N. and Galloway, J. N.: An Earth-system perspective of the global nitrogen cycle, Nature, 451, 293–296, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Phillips, N. R., Sprouse, M. L., and Roby, R. K.: Simultaneous quantification of mitochondrial DNA copy number and deletion ratio: a multiplex real-time PCR assay, Sci. Rep., 4, 3887, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Saleh, M.-C., Tassetto, M., van Rij, R. P., Goic, B., Gausson, V., Berry, B., Jacquier, C., Antoniewski, C., and Andino, R.: Antiviral immunity in Drosophila requires systemic RNA interference spread, Nature, 458, 346–350, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, R. H. and Rodrick, G. E.: Food Safety Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
DuCharme, R. W. and Gullotta, T. P. (Eds.): Asperger Syndrome: A Guide for Professionals and Families, 2nd ed. 2013., Springer US, Boston, MA, XIII, 212 p pp., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lenz, R., Zografos, V., and Solli, M.: Dihedral Color Filtering, in: Advanced Color Image Processing and Analysis, edited by: Fernandez-Maloigne, C., Springer, New York, NY, 119–145, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micropalaeontology.

Blog post
Watch Water Droplets Explode As They Freeze From The Outside In:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highlights of a Forum: Financial Literacy: Strengthening Partnerships in Challenging Times, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gravano, A.: Turn-taking and affirmative cue words in task-oriented dialogue, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Toys, Manolos and Tennis Champs, New York Times, 8th September, AR72, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Andrian, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (von Andrian, 2002; Gruber and Galloway, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gruber and Galloway, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Saleh et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micropalaeontology
AbbreviationJ. Micropalaeontol.
ISSN (print)0262-821X
ISSN (online)2041-4978

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