How to format your references using the Journal of Micropalaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micropalaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk, D.: The Urban Challenge, Science, 336, 1396–1397, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weissleder, R. and Pittet, M. J.: Imaging in the era of molecular oncology, Nature, 452, 580–589, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, A., Kurdistani, S. K., and Grunstein, M.: Requirement of Hos2 histone deacetylase for gene activity in yeast, Science, 298, 1412–1414, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Abo-Shaeer, J. R., Raman, C., Vogels, J. M., and Ketterle, W.: Observation of vortex lattices in Bose-Einstein condensates, Science, 292, 476–479, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richter, D. H.: Reading the Eighteenth-Century Novel, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
Smart, J. C. (Ed.): Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XI, 492 p pp., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Francis, J. H., Kim, H. Y., and Abramson, D. H.: Eye and Orbit, in: ALERT • Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 2: Normal Tissue Specific Sites and Systems, edited by: Rubin, P., Constine, L. S., and Marks, L. B., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 83–108, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micropalaeontology.

Blog post
Poo-Powered Bus Breaks UK’s Land Speed Record:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Technology Development: New DOD Space Science and Technology Strategy Provides Basis for Optimizing Investments, but Future Versions Need to Be More Robust, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richey, B.: Exploration of a Tandem Diels-Alder Ugi-Smiles Reaction, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Attackers Pillage Moscow Art Gallery and Beat Activist Owner, New York Times, 22nd October, A4, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisk, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fisk, 2012; Weissleder and Pittet, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weissleder and Pittet, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Abo-Shaeer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micropalaeontology
AbbreviationJ. Micropalaeontol.
ISSN (print)0262-821X
ISSN (online)2041-4978

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