How to format your references using the Journal of Micropalaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micropalaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Shareholder sues Celera over loss, Nature, 405(6782), 3, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard, C. T. and Planavsky, N. J.: Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2, Nature, 474(7349), E1-2; discussion E4-5, 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loh, A. N., Bauer, J. E. and Druffel, E. R. M.: Variable ageing and storage of dissolved organic components in the open ocean, Nature, 430(7002), 877–881, 2004.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Carmody, R. J., Ruan, Q., Palmer, S., Hilliard, B. and Chen, Y. H.: Negative regulation of toll-like receptor signaling by NF-kappaB p50 ubiquitination blockade, Science, 317(5838), 675–678, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R. A.: Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2006.
An edited book
Alvarenga, M. E. and Byrne, D., Eds.: Handbook of Psychocardiology, Springer, Singapore., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagata, Y. and Bräysy, O.: Efficient Local Search Limitation Strategies for Vehicle Routing Problems, in Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 8th European Conference, EvoCOP 2008, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008. Proceedings, edited by J. van Hemert and C. Cotta, pp. 48–60, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micropalaeontology.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: How Oil Spills From Wartime Sea Battles Nearly Wiped Out Famous Welsh Guillemots, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: Efforts to Implement Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, M.: Design of Front End Circuits for a Low Power Ultra Wide Band Receiver, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA., 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C.: The Right Look Gives A Home a Second Act, New York Times, 29th April, WE6, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011; Smaglik, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Carmody et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micropalaeontology
AbbreviationJ. Micropalaeontol.
ISSN (print)0262-821X
ISSN (online)2041-4978

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