How to format your references using the Journal of Micropalaeontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Micropalaeontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stocker, T. F.: Climate change. The closing door of climate targets, Science, 339(6117), 280–282, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauch, W. and Kleidorfer, M.: Water treatment. Replace contamination, not the pipes, Science, 345(6198), 734–735, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfleiderer, C., Julian, S. R. and Lonzarich, G. G.: Non-Fermi-liquid nature of the normal state of itinerant-electron ferromagnets, Nature, 414(6862), 427–430, 2001.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Smakowska-Luzan, E., Mott, G. A., Parys, K., Stegmann, M., Howton, T. C., Layeghifard, M., Neuhold, J., Lehner, A., Kong, J., Grünwald, K., Weinberger, N., Satbhai, S. B., Mayer, D., Busch, W., Madalinski, M., Stolt-Bergner, P., Provart, N. J., Mukhtar, M. S., Zipfel, C., Desveaux, D., Guttman, D. S. and Belkhadir, Y.: Publisher Correction: An extracellular network of Arabidopsis leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases, Nature, 561(7722), E8, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sullivan, D. M.: Quantum Mechanics for Electrical Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2012.
An edited book
Russo, B., Damiani, E., Hissam, S., Lundell, B. and Succi, G., Eds.: Open Source Development, Communities and Quality: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Working Group 2.3 on Open Source Software, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy, Springer US, Boston, MA., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Barnhill, R. L.: Circumscribed Pigmented Lesions Composed of Basilar Melanocytes, in Pathology of Melanocytic Nevi and Melanoma, edited by R. L. Barnhill, M. W. Piepkorn, and K. J. Busam, pp. 59–86, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Micropalaeontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Couple Found Holding Hands For 700 Years, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Department of Education Grant Award, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, M.: Health literacy competencies for health professionals: A Delphi study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O.: Friday File, New York Times, 12th September, C32, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stocker, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Rauch and Kleidorfer, 2014; Stocker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauch and Kleidorfer, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Smakowska-Luzan et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Micropalaeontology
AbbreviationJ. Micropalaeontol.
ISSN (print)0262-821X
ISSN (online)2041-4978

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