How to format your references using the Wound Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wound Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Bowles, Group competition, reproductive leveling, and the evolution of human altruism, Science. 314 (2006) 1569–1572.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Thodey, C.D. Smolke, Cell biology. Bringing it together with RNA, Science. 333 (2011) 412–413.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Weidinger, P. Møller, J.P.U. Fynbo, The Lyman-alpha glow of gas falling into the dark matter halo of a z = 3 galaxy, Nature. 430 (2004) 999–1001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Vishal, A. Sharma, L. Kaurani, S. Chakraborty, J. Ray, A. Sen, A. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ray, Evaluation of genetic association of the INK4 locus with primary open angle glaucoma in East Indian population, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.V. Lade, Triaxial Testing of Soils, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
M. Whitehorn, Inside Relational Databases with Examples in Access, Springer, London, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
A.Z. Al-Hazzouri, M. Odden, E.R. Mayeda, A.E. Aiello, J.M. Neuhaus, M.N. Haan, Lifetime Socioeconomic Position and Functional Decline in Older Mexican Americans: Results from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging, in: J.L. Angel, F. Torres-Gil, K. Markides (Eds.), Aging, Health, and Longevity in the Mexican-Origin Population, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2012: pp. 35–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wound Medicine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Antibiotic Overuse Might Be Why So Many People Have Allergies, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Pedestrians and Cyclists: Cities, States, and DOT Are Implementing Actions to Improve Safety, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
X.S. Chen, Social Support Communication Behavior, Anxiety Symptomatology, and Marital Satisfaction Among Distressed Couples, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, ‘King Kong’ Gets Closer to Broadway, New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWound Medicine
ISSN (print)2213-9095

Other styles