How to format your references using the Journal of Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Montgomery MH. Astronomy. The pulse of distant stars. Science. 2008;322:536–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pitt JN, Ferré-D’Amaré AR. Rapid construction of empirical RNA fitness landscapes. Science. 2010;330:376–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Altizer S, Bartel R, Han BA. Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science. 2011;331:296–302.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kobayashi J, Mori Y, Okamoto K, Akiyama R, Ueno M, Kitamori T, et al. A microfluidic device for conducting gas-liquid-solid hydrogenation reactions. Science. 2004;304:1305–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Upreti SR. Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Leal Filho W, Sümer V, editors. Sustainable Water Use and Management: Examples of New Approaches and Perspectives. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lombardini L. ECOPHYSIOLOGY OF PLANTS IN DRY ENVIRONMENTS. In: D’Odorico P, Porporato A, editors. Dryland Ecohydrology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Translational Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Sumatran Rhino Declared Extinct In The Wild In Malaysia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sumatran-rhino-declared-extinct-wild-malaysia/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Acquisitions: Use of “Other Transaction” Agreements Limited and Mostly for Research and Development Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Jan. Report No.: GAO-16-209.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gilbert C. Factors Associated With Dietetic Interns’ Knowledge of Sodium and the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Rangers Fans Had Something to Prove. New York Times. 2011 Apr 21;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Translational Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Transl. Med.
ISSN (online)1479-5876
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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