How to format your references using the Biochimie Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochimie Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Swing, Day of reckoning for Ecuador’s biodiversity, Nature. 469 (2011) 267.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.J. LaCour, D.P. Green, Political science. When contact changes minds: an experiment on transmission of support for gay equality, Science. 346 (2014) 1366–1369.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Mendoza, H.J. Herrmann, S. Succi, Hydrodynamic model for conductivity in graphene, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1052.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Tilman, J. Fargione, B. Wolff, C. D’Antonio, A. Dobson, R. Howarth, D. Schindler, W.H. Schlesinger, D. Simberloff, D. Swackhamer, Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change, Science. 292 (2001) 281–284.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Evtukh, H. Hartnagel, O. Yilmazoglu, H. Mimura, D. Pavlidis, Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
D. Weisburd, T. Feucht, I. Hakimi, L. Mock, S. Perry, eds., To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Carr, World View and the Dynamics of Change: The Beginning and the End of Scioto Hopewell Culture and Lifeways, in: C. Carr (Ed.), The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, Springer, New York, NY, 2008: pp. 289–328.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochimie Open.

Blog post
J. Davis, Babies Born By Caesarean More Likely To Develop Obesity, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Contracts Awarded by the Social and Rehabilitation Service of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on a Noncompetitive Basis, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.S. Damiano, The effects of psychological stress on physical health over time, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices’ Vote in Death Case Is Close Again, but Differing, New York Times. (2007) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochimie Open
AbbreviationBiochim. Open
ISSN (print)2214-0085

Other styles