How to format your references using the World Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kimble HJ. The quantum internet. Nature. 2008;453(7198):1023-1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bowler C, Scanlan DJ. Genetics. Being selective in the Prochlorococcus collective. Science. 2014;344(6182):366-367.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li L, Leid M, Rothenberg EV. An early T cell lineage commitment checkpoint dependent on the transcription factor Bcl11b. Science. 2010;329(5987):89-93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Garrison JL, Kunkel EJ, Hegde RS, Taunton J. A substrate-specific inhibitor of protein translocation into the endoplasmic reticulum. Nature. 2005;436(7048):285-289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
O’Connor K, Aardema F. Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Rané A, Dasgupta R, eds. Urinary Tract Infection: Clinical Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fischer V, Ruzhansky M. Quantization on graded Lie groups. In: Ruzhansky M, ed. Quantization on Nilpotent Lie Groups. Progress in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing; 2016:271-426.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Psychiatry.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. The Sun Emitted Two X-Class Solar Flares Back-to-Back. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Incomplete Data and Funding Approach Increase Cost Risk for Upgrade Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rensing RI. Developing a notebook protocol for the high school chemistry classroom. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Bill Proposed to Give Regulatory Protection to Puerto Rico Mutual Fund Investors. New York Times. September 25, 2015:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Psychiatry
AbbreviationWorld Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1723-8617
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

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