How to format your references using the World Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Clack JA. An early tetrapod from “Romer’s Gap.” Nature. 2002;418(6893):72-76.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sekiya S, Suzuki A. Direct conversion of mouse fibroblasts to hepatocyte-like cells by defined factors. Nature. 2011;475(7356):390-393.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cubrović M, Zaanen J, Schalm K. String theory, quantum phase transitions, and the emergent Fermi liquid. Science. 2009;325(5939):439-444.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Boratyński Z, Lehmann P, Mappes T, Mousseau TA, Møller AP. Increased radiation from Chernobyl decreases the expression of red colouration in natural populations of bank voles (Myodes glareolus). Sci Rep. 2014;4:7141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ibe OC. Elements of Random Walk and Diffusion Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Giambene G, ed. Resource Management in Satellite Networks: Optimization and Cross-Layer Design. Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nakano T, Liu J-Q. Information Transfer through Calcium Signaling. In: Schmid A, Goel S, Wang W, Beiu V, Carrara S, eds. Nano-Net: 4th International ICST Conference, Nano-Net 2009, Lucerne, Switzerland, October 18-20, 2009. Proceedings. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer; 2009:29-33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Psychiatry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Researchers Use LED Device To Remotely Control A Mouse. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. FAA Budget: Agency Faces Key Management Challenges on Major Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gonzaga Reed RR. The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Mets Move to Retain Cespedes and Walker. New York Times. November 8, 2016:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Psychiatry
AbbreviationWorld Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1723-8617
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Phychiatric Mental Health

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