How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ponder, B. A. (2001). Cancer genetics. Nature 411, 336–341.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alperin, M., and Hoehler, T. (2010). Biogeochemistry. The ongoing mystery of sea-floor methane. Science 329, 288–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weeks, A. R., Marec, F., and Breeuwer, J. A. (2001). A mite species that consists entirely of haploid females. Science 292, 2479–2482.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kaaret, P., Corbel, S., Prestwich, A. H., and Zezas, A. (2003). Radio emission from an ultraluminous x-ray source. Science 299, 365–367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, R. (2012). Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vauthier, C., and Ponchel, G. eds. (2016). Polymer Nanoparticles for Nanomedicines: A Guide for their Design, Preparation and Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Banach, R. (2008). “Model Based Refinement and the Tools of Tomorrow,” in Abstract State Machines, B and Z: First International Conference, ABZ 2008, London, UK, September 16-18, 2008. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. E. Börger, M. Butler, J. P. Bowen, and P. Boca (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 42–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). World’s First Head Transplant Will Use Virtual Reality To Prepare Patients. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Rail Transportation: Federal Railroad Administration’s New Approach to Railroad Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haire, K. K. (2015). Elucidation of the Role of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase in Drug-Induced Toxicity.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005). New Leader, Tough Issues for Court in Transition. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ponder, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ponder, 2001; Alperin and Hoehler, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alperin and Hoehler, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaaret et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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