How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp, S. (2000). What’s in a name? Nature 408, 33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nix, P., and Bastiani, M. (2013). Neuroscience. Heterochronic genes turn back the clock in old neurons. Science 340, 282–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shih, W. M., Quispe, J. D., and Joyce, G. F. (2004). A 1.7-kilobase single-stranded DNA that folds into a nanoscale octahedron. Nature 427, 618–621.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Denicol, A. C., Dobbs, K. B., McLean, K. M., Carambula, S. F., Loureiro, B., and Hansen, P. J. (2013). Canonical WNT signaling regulates development of bovine embryos to the blastocyst stage. Sci. Rep. 3, 1266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian, M. N. (2017). Polymer Blends and Composites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mendonca, A., Cunha, A., and Chakrabarti, R. eds. (2012). Natural Resources, Sustainability and Humanity: A Comprehensive View. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Leclerc, M. Y., and Foken, T. (2014). “Footprint Studies,” in Footprints in Micrometeorology and Ecology, ed. T. Foken (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 103–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). The Weight Loss “Secret” That No One Is Telling You. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Health Information Technology: More Detailed Plans Needed for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Redesigned BioSense Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yudell, M. (2008). Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Knapp, 2000; Nix and Bastiani, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nix and Bastiani, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Denicol et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

Other styles