How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson, K. (2012). Vaccination: A durable design. Nature 488, S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wennerås, C., and Wold, A. (2000). A chair of one’s own. Nature 408, 647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knauth, L. P., Burt, D. M., and Wohletz, K. H. (2005). Impact origin of sediments at the Opportunity landing site on Mars. Nature 438, 1123–1128.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shaw, R. J., Lamia, K. A., Vasquez, D., Koo, S.-H., Bardeesy, N., Depinho, R. A., et al. (2005). The kinase LKB1 mediates glucose homeostasis in liver and therapeutic effects of metformin. Science 310, 1642–1646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, M., and Bieker, G. (2009). Mastering. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Ernst, A., and Herth, F. J. F. eds. (2013). Principles and Practice of Interventional Pulmonology. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jespers, E., and Okniński, J. (2007). “Algebras of submonoids of polycyclic-by-finite groups,” in Noetherian Semigroup Algebras Algebra and Applications., ed. J. Okniński (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 63–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Domestic Cat Genome Sequenced. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holvick-Norton, T. (2015). Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008). Salads, Sandwiches, And Parking. New York Times, NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sanderson, 2012; Wennerås and Wold, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wennerås and Wold, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Shaw et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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