How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baraniuk, R. G. (2011). More is less: signal processing and the data deluge. Science 331, 717–719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibáñez, M., and Cabot, A. (2013). Chemistry. All change for nanocrystals. Science 340, 935–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang, J., Timusk, T., and Gu, G. D. (2004). High-transition-temperature superconductivity in the absence of the magnetic-resonance mode. Nature 427, 714–717.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Claes, J. M., Dean, M. N., Nilsson, D.-E., Hart, N. S., and Mallefet, J. (2013). A deepwater fish with ’lightsabers’--dorsal spine-associated luminescence in a counterilluminating lanternshark. Sci. Rep. 3, 1308.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrozzi, S. (2012). Practical Instrumental Analysis. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Konstantinou, I. K. ed. (2006). Antifouling Paint Biocides. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldengorin, B., and Pardalos, P. M. (2012). “Summary,” in Data Correcting Approaches in Combinatorial Optimization SpringerBriefs in Optimization., ed. P. M. Pardalos (New York, NY: Springer), 107–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Spray-On Nanofibres Bind Surgical Wounds. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Social Security Administration: Information Technology Challenges Facing the Commissioner. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sakalli Gumus, S. (2008). Preparing teachers for partnering with families: Examining the impact of a specifically designed curriculum on professionals.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2008). Hurdy Gurdy Man. New York Times, ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baraniuk, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Baraniuk, 2011; Ibáñez and Cabot, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibáñez and Cabot, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Claes et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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