How to format your references using the Asian Philosophy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Philosophy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). Critics blast US missile defence system as flawed. Nature, 404(6780), 799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulin, P. R., & Nelson, K. A. (2006). Irreversible organic crystalline chemistry monitored in real time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794), 1756–1760.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bredesen, D. E., Rao, R. V., & Mehlen, P. (2006). Cell death in the nervous system. Nature, 443(7113), 796–802.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Todorov, A., Mandisodza, A. N., Goren, A., & Hall, C. C. (2005). Inferences of competence from faces predict election outcomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1623–1626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen, S., & Huang, P. (2011). Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Shaikh, S. H. (2014). Moving Object Detection Using Background Subtraction (K. Saeed & N. Chaki, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Moltó, A., Orihuela, J., Troyanski, S., & Valdivia, M. (2009). Some Applications. In J. Orihuela, S. Troyanski, & M. Valdivia (Eds.), A Nonlinear Transfer Technique for Renorming (pp. 101–116). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Philosophy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 27). This Man Has Been Shedding The Polio Virus For 28 Years. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Aviation Research: Issues Related to FAA’s Research Activities (T-RCED-93-68). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin, R. (2017). Graph-Based Rhythm Interpretation in Optical Music Recognition [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stone, R. S. R., a partner in the public affairs company of Black, Manafort, Stone, Kelly, Has Worked For, Reagan, & Nixon. (1989, September 30). How the G.O.P. Can Nail Down the Black Vote. New York Times, 123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2000; Poulin & Nelson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulin & Nelson, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Bredesen et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Todorov et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Philosophy
ISSN (print)0955-2367
ISSN (online)1469-2961
Religious studies

Other styles