How to format your references using the World Mycotoxin Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Mycotoxin Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Suttle, C.A., 2005. Viruses in the sea. Nature 437: 356–361.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cymes, G.D. and Grosman, C., 2011. Tunable pKa values and the basis of opposite charge selectivities in nicotinic-type receptors. Nature 474: 526–530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sibanda, B.L., Chirgadze, D.Y. and Blundell, T.L., 2010. Crystal structure of DNA-PKcs reveals a large open-ring cradle comprised of HEAT repeats. Nature 463: 118–121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wachter, S., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Dwarkadas, V.V., Kouveliotou, C., Granot, J., Patel, S.K. and Figer, D., 2008. An infrared ring around the magnetar SGR 1900+14. Nature 453: 626–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, E.L., 2012. Nanophysics of Solar and Renewable Energy. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ginat, D.T., Small, J.E. and Schaefer, P.W. (eds.), 2015. Neuroimaging Pharmacopoeia. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XVIII, 382 p. 317 illus., 31 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Lidskog, R. and Sundqvist, G., 2013. Sociology of Risk. In: Roeser, S., Hillerbrand, R., Sandin, P. and Peterson, M. (eds.) Essentials of Risk Theory. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, , pp. 75–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Mycotoxin Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Early Humans Colonized Europe In A Series Of Separate Waves. IFLScience. IFLScience Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Expenditures for Consulting Services Under Two Federally Funded Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bade, L.L., 2010. Extending the benefits of alcohol and drug treatment: An exploration of volunteer utilization and delivery of recovery services. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2010. Neil Young’s Greendale, Illustrated. New York Times June 16, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bjorn, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Elbaum, 2006; Silk, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cymes and Grosman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Mycotoxin Journal
AbbreviationWorld Mycotoxin J.
ISSN (print)1875-0710
ISSN (online)1875-0796
ScopeFood Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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