How to format your references using the Rhodora citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rhodora. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webster, R. G. 2001. Virology. A molecular whodunit Science 293:1773–1775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grabbe, C. and I. Dikic. 2008. Cell biology. Going global on ubiquitin Science 322:872–873.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler, S. J., J. A. Vickery, and K. Norris. 2007. Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture Science 315:381–384.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kukushkin, I. V., J. H. Smet, V. W. Scarola, V. Umansky, and K. von Klitzing. 2009. Dispersion of the excitations of fractional quantum Hall States Science 324:1044–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Isobe, K., W. Watanabe, and K. Itoh. 2013. Functional Imaging by Controlled Nonlinear Optical Phenomena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhou, S., S. Zhang, and G. Karypis (Eds.). 2012. Advanced Data Mining and Applications: 8th International Conference, ADMA 2012, Nanjing, China, December 15-18, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaves, I. D. G., J. R. G. López, J. L. G. Zapata, A. L. Robayo, and G. R. Niño. 2016. Chemical Reactors, pp. 195–240. In J. R. G. López, J. L. García Zapata, A. Leguizamón Robayo, and G. Rodríguez Niño, eds. Process Analysis and Simulation in Chemical Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rhodora.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016, August 16. Lab-Grown Corneas Could Help Fight Blindness. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. FAA Budget: 1991 Funding Request for Computers and Communications Can Be Reduced. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabone, B. 2013. Knowledge and awareness of the Female Athlete Triad among female collegiate athletes at California State University, Long Beach. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. 2017, May 31. Et Al New York Times:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Webster 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Webster 2001, Grabbe and Dikic 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grabbe and Dikic 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kukushkin et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleRhodora
ISSN (print)0035-4902
Plant Science

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