How to format your references using the Additive Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Additive Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.R. Renne, Geology. Flood basalts--bigger and badder, Science. 296 (2002) 1812–1813.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.M. Das, K.G. Storey, Apical abscission alters cell polarity and dismantles the primary cilium during neurogenesis, Science. 343 (2014) 200–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.S. Ghuman, R.N. van den Honert, A. Martin, Interregional neural synchrony has similar dynamics during spontaneous and stimulus-driven states, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Goulielmakis, Z.-H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V.S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A.M. Azzeer, M.F. Kling, S.R. Leone, F. Krausz, Real-time observation of valence electron motion, Nature. 466 (2010) 739–743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.B. Arden, L. Linford, Brain-Based Therapy with Adults, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
D. Plemenos, G. Miaoulis, eds., Intelligent Computer Graphics 2012, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Palosz, S. Gierlotka, A. Swiderska-Sroda, K. Fietkiewicz, G. Kalisz, E. Grzanka, S. Stel’makh, W. Palosz, Combining Hard with Soft Materials in Nanoscale under High-Pressure High-Temperature Conditions, in: J. Lee, N. Novikov, V. Turkevich (Eds.), Innovative Superhard Materials and Sustainable Coatings for Advanced Manufacturing: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Innovative Superhard Materials and Sustainable Coatings Kiev, Ukraine 12–15 May 2004, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005: pp. 43–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Additive Manufacturing.

Blog post
J. Fang, All The Water In This Lake Vanishes Down a Hole Every Summer, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Strategic Bombers: Issues Related to the B-1B Aircraft Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Yao, In situ activity of NAC11-7 roseobacters in coastal waters off the Chesapeake Bay based on ftsZ expression, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D. Kelly, Books in Brief: FICTION, New York Times. (1996) 718.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdditive Manufacturing
AbbreviationAddit. Manuf.
ISSN (print)2214-8604

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