How to format your references using the Additive Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Additive Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Chambers, Planetary science: Archaeology of the asteroid belt, Nature. 460 (2009) 963–964.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.B. Shirey, S.H. Richardson, Start of the Wilson cycle at 3 Ga shown by diamonds from subcontinental mantle, Science. 333 (2011) 434–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Kaul, G.A. Garden, S.A. Lipton, Pathways to neuronal injury and apoptosis in HIV-associated dementia, Nature. 410 (2001) 988–994.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.-B. Yang, J.D. Rameau, P.D. Johnson, T. Valla, A. Tsvelik, G.D. Gu, Emergence of preformed Cooper pairs from the doped Mott insulating state in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta, Nature. 456 (2008) 77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Will, »Sei naiv und mach’ ein Experiment«: Feodor Lynen, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
K.R. Dronamraju, C.A. Francomano, eds., Victor McKusick and the History of Medical Genetics, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
R.N.M. Watson, S.J. Murdoch, K. Gudka, J. Anderson, P.G. Neumann, B. Laurie, Towards a Theory of Application Compartmentalisation, in: B. Christianson, J. Malcolm, F. Stajano, J. Anderson, J. Bonneau (Eds.), Security Protocols XXI: 21st International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 19-20, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 19–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Additive Manufacturing.

Blog post
J. Davis, Trees In Cities May Actually Increase Levels Of Pollution, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Air Traffic Control: Observations on Proposed Corporation, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.G. Hilmey, Synthesis and Study of Heteroatomic Spirocyclic Scaffolds, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, As Players Pull Out, Criticism Floods In, New York Times. (2017) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdditive Manufacturing
AbbreviationAddit. Manuf.
ISSN (print)2214-8604

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