How to format your references using the BBA - Reviews on Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA - Reviews on Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.J. Spiegelhalter, Statistics. The future lies in uncertainty, Science. 345 (2014) 264–265.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Lam, S. Keeney, Nonparadoxical evolutionary stability of the recombination initiation landscape in yeast, Science. 350 (2015) 932–937.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Goebel, M.R. Waters, M. Dikova, The archaeology of Ushki Lake, Kamchatka, and the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas, Science. 301 (2003) 501–505.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X.-J. Zhou, Y.-Y. Qi, P. Hou, J.-C. Lv, S.-F. Shi, L.-J. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Zhang, Cumulative effects of variants identified by genome-wide association studies in IgA nephropathy, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L.M. Blumberg, Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
K.-D. Kreuer, ed., Fuel Cells: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Fournais, B. Helffer, Constant Field Models in Dimension 2: Noncompact Case, in: B. Helffer (Ed.), Spectral Methods in Surface Superconductivity, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 45–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA - Reviews on Cancer.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Once Again, Scientists Conclude That There’s No Evidence That Homeopathy Works, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Financial Viability Continues to Be Threatened, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.J. Gibson, An Assessment of Factors Relating to High School Students’ Science Self-Efficacy, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Reaches Out To Vatican, New York Times. (2003) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA - Reviews on Cancer
AbbreviationBiochim. Biophys. Acta Rev. Cancer
ISSN (print)0304-419X
ScopeCancer Research

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