How to format your references using the World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mellars P. Palaeoanthropology: the earliest modern humans in Europe. Nature. 2011;479(7374):483-485.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ronald PC, Beutler B. Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science. 2010;330(6007):1061-1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wuchty S, Jones BF, Uzzi B. The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge. Science. 2007;316(5827):1036-1039.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wozny C, Kivi A, Lehmann T-N, Dehnicke C, Heinemann U, Behr J. Comment on “On the origin of interictal activity in human temporal lobe epilepsy in vitro.” Science. 2003;301(5632):463; author reply 463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cooney KA, Chappell JR, Callan RJ, Connally BA. Veterinary Euthanasia Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Ibarra OH, Ravikumar B, eds. Implementation and Applications of Automata: 13th International Conference, CIAA 2008, San Francisco, California, USA, July 21-24, 2008. Proceedings. Vol 5148. Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pieraccini R. The Industry of Spoken-Dialog Systems and the Third Generation of Interactive Applications. In: Chen F, ed. Speech Technology: Theory and Applications. Springer US; 2010:61-77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientists Generate Ultralight, Ultrastiff Materials Using 3D Printing. IFLScience. Published June 24, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-generate-ultralight-ultrastiff-materials-using-3d-printing/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Title I: Although Definitions of Administrative Expenditures Vary, Almost All Districts Studied Spent Less Than 10 Percent on Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alexander BC. A descriptive study of intercollegiate athletics in Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Deloureiro L, Burke B, Bretherton G, Stuart C. Harvard Man May Be Winner On Winless Bills. New York Times. October 27, 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
ISSN (print)2095-8811
Scope

Other styles