How to format your references using the World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goldston D. Over a pork barrel. Nature. 2007;447(7145):628.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lillard A, Else-Quest N. The early years. Evaluating Montessori education. Science. 2006;313(5795):1893-1894.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hsu M, Anen C, Quartz SR. The right and the good: distributive justice and neural encoding of equity and efficiency. Science. 2008;320(5879):1092-1095.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Alper H, Moxley J, Nevoigt E, Fink GR, Stephanopoulos G. Engineering yeast transcription machinery for improved ethanol tolerance and production. Science. 2006;314(5805):1565-1568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Knowles R. 200 Contractual Problems and Their Solutions. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Okumura M, Bekki D, Satoh K, eds. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI-IsAI 2011 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, ALSIP, MiMI, Takamatsu, Japan, December 1-2, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. Vol 7258. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Holmes WH, Rinaman WC. Introduction to Statistical Inference. In: Rinaman WC, ed. Statistical Literacy for Clinical Practitioners. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:127-147.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Artificial Recreation Of Happy Memories May Become The Next Big Weapon Against Depression. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/artificial-recreation-happy-memories-may-become-next-big-weapon-against/. Published June 18, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Reauthorization Provides Opportunities to Address Key Agency Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Quiros PQ. SNR estimation and jamming detection techniques using wavelets. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kleinfield NR, Fitzsimmons EG. Friends and Work Colleagues Remembering Lives Lost in the Metro-North Crash. New York Times. February 5, 2015:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
ISSN (print)2095-8811
Scope

Other styles