How to format your references using the Ecclesial Practices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecclesial Practices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mirabel, I. F. ‘Astronomy. Very Energetic Gamma-Rays from Microquasars and Binary Pulsars’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5781 (23 June 2006): 1759–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitnick, Scott, and David W. Pfennig. ‘Evolutionary Biology: Brotherly Love Benefits Females’. Nature 505, no. 7485 (30 January 2014): 626–27.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aboelella, Nermeen W., Anne M. Reynolds, and William B. Tolman. ‘Biophysics. Catching Copper in the Act’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5672 (7 May 2004): 836–37.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ley, Ruth E., Peter J. Turnbaugh, Samuel Klein, and Jeffrey I. Gordon. ‘Microbial Ecology: Human Gut Microbes Associated with Obesity’. Nature 444, no. 7122 (21 December 2006): 1022–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sato, Takuro, Daniel M. Kammen, Bin Duan, Martin Macuha, Zhenyu Zhou, Jun Wu, Muhammad Tariq, and Solomon Abebe Asfaw. Smart Grid Standards. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Everitt, Arthur V., Suresh I. S. Rattan, David G. le Couteur, and Rafael de Cabo, eds. Calorie Restriction, Aging and Longevity. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Toyama, Hideo, Megumi Nakano, Yuuki Satake, and Nobuo Toyama. ‘Rapid Isolation of the Trichoderma Strain with Higher Degrading Ability of a Filter Paper and Superior Proliferation Characteristics Using Avicel Plates and the Double-Layer Selection Medium’. In Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Held April 29–May 2, 2007, in Denver, Colorado, edited by William S. Adney, James D. McMillan, Jonathan Mielenz, and K. Thomas Klasson, 23–28. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecclesial Practices.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. ‘One Last Look At Saturn’s Moon Dione’. IFLScience. IFLScience, 24 August 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/one-last-look-saturns-moon-dione/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ‘Improvement of Certain Management Areas’. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 19 June 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perez, Ryanzo W. ‘Stepping Stone or Stumbling Block? The Impact of Prior Military Service on Hiring Managers’ Perceptions of Warmth, Competence, and Hirability’. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. ‘Campus Kickoffs: Don’t Think Too Hard’. New York Times, 26 August 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference I. F. Mirabel, ‘Astronomy. Very Energetic Gamma-Rays from Microquasars and Binary Pulsars’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5781, (23 June 2006), pp. 1759–60, doi:10.1126/science.1129815..
This sentence cites two references I. F. Mirabel, ‘Astronomy. Very Energetic Gamma-Rays from Microquasars and Binary Pulsars’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5781, (23 June 2006), pp. 1759–60, doi:10.1126/science.1129815; Scott Pitnick and David W. Pfennig, ‘Evolutionary Biology: Brotherly Love Benefits Females’, Nature 505, no. 7485, (30 January 2014), pp. 626–27, doi:10.1038/nature12853..
This sentence cites four references I. F. Mirabel, ‘Astronomy. Very Energetic Gamma-Rays from Microquasars and Binary Pulsars’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5781, (23 June 2006), pp. 1759–60, doi:10.1126/science.1129815; Scott Pitnick and David W. Pfennig, ‘Evolutionary Biology: Brotherly Love Benefits Females’, Nature 505, no. 7485, (30 January 2014), pp. 626–27, doi:10.1038/nature12853; Nermeen W. Aboelella, Anne M. Reynolds, and William B. Tolman, ‘Biophysics. Catching Copper in the Act’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5672, (7 May 2004), pp. 836–37, doi:10.1126/science.1098301; Ruth E. Ley et al., ‘Microbial Ecology: Human Gut Microbes Associated with Obesity’, Nature 444, no. 7122, (21 December 2006), pp. 1022–23, doi:10.1038/4441022a..

About the journal

Full journal titleEcclesial Practices
ISSN (print)2214-4463
ISSN (online)2214-4471
Scope

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