How to format your references using the Ecclesial Practices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ecclesial Practices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek, Frank. ‘An Explorer and Surveyor’. Nature 437, no. 7062 (20 October 2005): 1095.
A journal article with 2 authors
Voss, Rasmus, and Gijs Nelemans. ‘Discovery of the Progenitor of the Type Ia Supernova 2007on’. Nature 451, no. 7180 (14 February 2008): 802–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gandía-Herrero, Fernando, Francisco García-Carmona, and Josefa Escribano. ‘Botany: Floral Fluorescence Effect’. Nature 437, no. 7057 (15 September 2005): 334.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu, Shenghui, Suzanne C. Ho, Tsz-Ping Lam, Jean Woo, P. Y. Yuen, Ling Qin, and Susanna Ku. ‘Development and Validation of a Lifetime Exposure Questionnaire for Use among Chinese Populations’. Scientific Reports 3 (30 September 2013): 2793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, Richard. French Animation History. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Borruto, Franco, and Marc De Ridder, eds. HPV and Cervical Cancer: Achievements in Prevention and Future Prospects. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Stellrecht, E., B. Han, and M. Pecht. ‘Characterization of Hygroscopic Deformations by Moiré Interferometry’. In Moisture Sensitivity of Plastic Packages of IC Devices, edited by X. J. Fan and E. Suhir, 113–30. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ecclesial Practices.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. ‘Three Trillion Trees Live On Earth, But There Would Be Twice As Many Without Humans’. IFLScience. IFLScience, 3 September 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/three-trillion-trees-live-earth-there-would-be-twice-many-without-humans/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ‘Federal White-Collar Special Rate Program’. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 30 March 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hariharan, Sriram Bharath. ‘The Structure of the Blue Whirl: A Soot-Free Reacting Vortex Phenomenon’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, William. ‘A Hammer Comes Down on an Honor for Britain’. New York Times, 20 November 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Frank Wilczek, ‘An Explorer and Surveyor’, Nature 437, no. 7062, (20 October 2005), p. 1095, doi:10.1038/4371095a..
This sentence cites two references Frank Wilczek, ‘An Explorer and Surveyor’, Nature 437, no. 7062, (20 October 2005), p. 1095, doi:10.1038/4371095a; Rasmus Voss and Gijs Nelemans, ‘Discovery of the Progenitor of the Type Ia Supernova 2007on’, Nature 451, no. 7180, (14 February 2008), pp. 802–4, doi:10.1038/nature06602..
This sentence cites four references Frank Wilczek, ‘An Explorer and Surveyor’, Nature 437, no. 7062, (20 October 2005), p. 1095, doi:10.1038/4371095a; Rasmus Voss and Gijs Nelemans, ‘Discovery of the Progenitor of the Type Ia Supernova 2007on’, Nature 451, no. 7180, (14 February 2008), pp. 802–4, doi:10.1038/nature06602; Fernando Gandía-Herrero, Francisco García-Carmona, and Josefa Escribano, ‘Botany: Floral Fluorescence Effect’, Nature 437, no. 7057, (15 September 2005), p. 334, doi:10.1038/437334a; Shenghui Wu et al., ‘Development and Validation of a Lifetime Exposure Questionnaire for Use among Chinese Populations’, Scientific Reports 3, (30 September 2013), p. 2793, doi:10.1038/srep02793..

About the journal

Full journal titleEcclesial Practices
ISSN (print)2214-4463
ISSN (online)2214-4471
Scope

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