How to format your references using the WIRTSCHAFTSINFORMATIK citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WIRTSCHAFTSINFORMATIK. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright AR (2013) Realising Haldane’s vision for a Chern insulator in buckled lattices. Sci Rep 3:2736
A journal article with 2 authors
Plous S, Herzog HA (2000) Poll shows researchers favor lab animal protection. Science 290:711b
A journal article with 3 authors
Moran NA, McLaughlin HJ, Sorek R (2009) The dynamics and time scale of ongoing genomic erosion in symbiotic bacteria. Science 323:379–382
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Westerheide SD, Anckar J, Stevens SM Jr, et al (2009) Stress-inducible regulation of heat shock factor 1 by the deacetylase SIRT1. Science 323:1063–1066

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bi J (2015) Sensory Discrimination Tests and Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Evert K-J, Ballard (deceased) EB, Elsworth DJ, et al (eds) (2010) Encyclopedic Dictionary of Landscape and Urban Planning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Stamper J, Barnes T, Croy M (2010) Enhancing the Automatic Generation of Hints with Expert Seeding. In: Aleven V, Kay J, Mostow J (eds) Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WIRTSCHAFTSINFORMATIK.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Can You Guess How Much a Stegosaurus Weighs? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Data Center Consolidation: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Achieve Billions of Dollars in Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zolfaghari SS (2015) The relationship between folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 intakes and depression in women who use hormonal oral contraceptives. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2014) Sunsets and Pink Dolphins Along the Amazon. New York Times TR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Plous and Herzog 2000; Wright 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Plous and Herzog 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Westerheide et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleWIRTSCHAFTSINFORMATIK
ISSN (print)0937-6429
ISSN (online)1861-8936
Scope

Other styles