How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Ahmed, “Health: Edible advice,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7327, pp. S10-2, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. A. Resing and P. M. Barrett, “Ocean chemistry: Fingerprints of a trace nutrient,” Nature, vol. 511, no. 7508, pp. 164–165, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Gandy, J. Naslund, and C. Nordstedt, “Alzheimer’s disease. Molecular consequences of presenilin-1 mutation,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6838, pp. 654–656, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Yatsui, T. Imoto, T. Mochizuki, K. Kitamura, and T. Kawazoe, “Dressed-photon-phonon (DPP)-assisted visible- and infrared-light water splitting,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4561, Apr. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. M. Li, A. Nathan, Y. Wu, and B. S. Ong, Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2011.
An edited book
T. D. Oury, T. A. Sporn, and V. L. Roggli, Eds., Pathology of Asbestos-Associated Diseases, 3rd ed. 2014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
R. G. Sargent, “Types of Models,” in Modeling and Simulation in the Systems Engineering Life Cycle: Core Concepts and Accompanying Lectures, M. L. Loper, Ed. London: Springer, 2015, pp. 51–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Meet The Spider That Lives Its Entire Life In A Bubble Underwater,” IFLScience, 01-Sep-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Incorporation of Existing Data Into EOSDIS,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-92-79, Sep. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. M. Seyed Jalali Aghdam, “Silica aerogel, an alternative to micromachined air gap for thermal insulation of microheaters,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, “In a Move Away From Tradition, Cremations Increase,” New York Times, p. A18, 10-Aug-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nanobioscience
ISSN (print)1536-1241
Computer Science Applications
Biomedical Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles