How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. J. Leggett, “Physics. Superconducting qubits--a major roadblock dissolved?,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5569, pp. 861–862, May 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. E. Stebbins and J. E. Galán, “Structural mimicry in bacterial virulence,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6848, pp. 701–705, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. J. Abu-Raddad, P. Patnaik, and J. G. Kublin, “Dual infection with HIV and malaria fuels the spread of both diseases in sub-Saharan Africa,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5805, pp. 1603–1606, Dec. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Luquet, F. A. Perez, T. S. Hnasko, and R. D. Palmiter, “NPY/AgRP neurons are essential for feeding in adult mice but can be ablated in neonates,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5748, pp. 683–685, Oct. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Hulin and Z. Jin-Ting, Nonparametric Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Analysis: Mixed-Effects Modeling Approaches. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
D. Boffi, Mixed Finite Elements, Compatibility Conditions, and Applications: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy June 26–July 1, 2006, vol. 1939. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
J. R. Brown, “Naturalism, Pictures, and Platonic Intuitions,” in Visualization, Explanation and Reasoning Styles in Mathematics, P. Mancosu, K. F. Jørgensen, and S. A. Pedersen, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005, pp. 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Scientist Spotlight: Barbara McClintock,” IFLScience, 23-Oct-2013. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2007 Expenditure Plan,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-07-247, Feb. 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Y. Willis, “Rare but there: An intersectional exploration of the experiences and outcomes of Black women who studied abroad through community college programs,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justices Reject Suit on Federal Money for Faith-Based Office,” New York Times, p. A18, 26-Jun-2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [1].
This sentence cites four references [1], [1], [1], [1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nanobioscience
ISSN (print)1536-1241
Computer Science Applications
Biomedical Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles