How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Westall, “Geochemistry. Life on an anaerobic planet,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5913, pp. 471–472, Jan. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Imura and M. Tomonaga, “A ground-like surface facilitates visual search in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes),” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2343, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. S. Bradley, M. K. Hughes, and H. F. Diaz, “Climate change. Climate in Medieval time,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5644, pp. 404–405, Oct. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. M. Beall et al., “Pulmonary nitric oxide in mountain dwellers,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6862, pp. 411–412, Nov. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Kushner, V. Lawrence, and S. Kumar, Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
L. L’Abate, Ed., Paradigms in Theory Construction. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Greve and M. Bremer, “Calculation of Solar Illumination,” in Thermal Design and Thermal Behaviour of Radio Telescopes and their Enclosures, M. Bremer, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 85–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Africa Due For Annual Heat Waves By 2040 Thanks To Climate Change,” IFLScience, May 15, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Abstinence Education: Efforts to Assess the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-07-87, Oct. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. A. Cusick, “Does size really matter? How synchrony and size affect the dynamic of aggression between two sympatric species of dolphin in the Bahamas,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, “Star-Struck,” New York Times, p. BR4, Jul. 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nanobioscience
ISSN (print)1536-1241
Computer Science Applications
Biomedical Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles