How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Aiken, “HIV: Antiviral action countered by Nef,” Nature, vol. 526, no. 7572, pp. 202–203, Oct. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Schreiber and D. A. Rowley, “Cancer. Awakening immunity,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6005, pp. 761–762, Nov. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Yue, T. Lay, and K. D. Koper, “En échelon and orthogonal fault ruptures of the 11 April 2012 great intraplate earthquakes,” Nature, vol. 490, no. 7419, pp. 245–249, Oct. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. C. Cheng et al., “Flat focusing mirror,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6326, Sep. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Bintliff, The Complete Archaeology of Greece. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
D. E. Kalz, Thermal Comfort and Energy-Efficient Cooling of Nonresidential Buildings. in SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Held and D. Sabanés Bové, “Likelihood Inference in Multiparameter Models,” in Applied Statistical Inference: Likelihood and Bayes, D. Sabanés Bové, Ed., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 123–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Penguins Can Only Taste Salty And Sour,” IFLScience, Feb. 17, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA Workforce: Responses to Follow-up Questions regarding the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Use of Term Appointments,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-09-356R, Feb. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. L. Crowell, “A Case Study into the Perception of World Language Study of All Stakeholders in a Suburban Midwest School District,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kelly, “Nothing Lasts Forever,” New York Times, p. 146, Sep. 10, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Nanobioscience
ISSN (print)1536-1241
Computer Science Applications
Biomedical Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles