How to format your references using the Wireless Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilham, R. (2005). A flying start, then a slow slip. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5725), 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sawa, A., & Snyder, S. H. (2002). Schizophrenia: diverse approaches to a complex disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5568), 692–695.
A journal article with 3 authors
Houchmandzadeh, B., Wieschaus, E., & Leibler, S. (2002). Establishment of developmental precision and proportions in the early Drosophila embryo. Nature, 415(6873), 798–802.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Galburt, E. A., Grill, S. W., Wiedmann, A., Lubkowska, L., Choy, J., Nogales, E., … Bustamante, C. (2007). Backtracking determines the force sensitivity of RNAP II in a factor-dependent manner. Nature, 446(7137), 820–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hendrick, J. (2010). Law and Ethics in Children’s Nursing. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Groisman, P. Y., & Gutman, G. (Eds.). (2013). Regional Environmental Changes in Siberia and Their Global Consequences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Naterer, G. F., Dincer, I., & Zamfirescu, C. (2013). Water Electrolysis. In I. Dincer & C. Zamfirescu (Eds.), Hydrogen Production from Nuclear Energy (pp. 99–152). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Networks.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 22). Cancer Drug Promises To Break Down Barrier To HIV Cure. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Contract With Education, Training, and Research Sciences Corporation for Processing Applications To Serve in the VISTA Program (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Canetta, S. E. (2010). Type III Neuregulin1 Signaling in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Affects Thermal Pain Sensation and Hyperalgesia (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2010, December 5). MOUNTING DEBTS BY STATES STOKE FEARS OF CRISIS. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Networks
ISSN (print)1022-0038
ISSN (online)1572-8196
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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