How to format your references using the Wireless Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse, P. (2003). Systems biology: understanding cells. Nature, 424(6951), 883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mudd, J. O., & Kass, D. A. (2008). Tackling heart failure in the twenty-first century. Nature, 451(7181), 919–928.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H.-J., Lee, J.-H., & Cho, J.-H. (2014). Antiferromagnetic Slater insulator phase of Na₂IrO₃. Scientific reports, 4, 5253.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Turner, A., Beales, J., Faure, S., Dunford, R. P., & Laurie, D. A. (2005). The pseudo-response regulator Ppd-H1 provides adaptation to photoperiod in barley. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5750), 1031–1034.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen, J.-M., & Real, P. V. (2010). Fire Design of Steel Structures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Seong, T.-Y., Han, J., Amano, H., & Morkoc, H. (Eds.). (2013). III-Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes and Applications (Vol. 126). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Farhood, M. (2012). A Parameter-Dependent Lyapunov Approach for the Control of Nonstationary LPV Systems. In J. Mohammadpour & C. W. Scherer (Eds.), Control of Linear Parameter Varying Systems with Applications (pp. 105–126). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Networks.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 4). Watch This Moth-Controlled Robot Driving Around. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). [Comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s Implementation of Section 254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934] (No. B-278820). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney, S. (2008). An analysis of the influence of No Child Left Behind and Arizona Learns on middle -school principal leadership behaviors and responsibilities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., & Kramer, A. E. (2014, December 17). As the Ruble Swoons, Russians Desperately Shop. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Networks
ISSN (print)1022-0038
ISSN (online)1572-8196
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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