How to format your references using the Wireless Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weimerskirch, H. (2013). Ecology. Seabirds--individuals in colonies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6141), 35–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shohat, S., & Shifman, S. (2014). Bias towards large genes in autism. Nature, 512(7512), E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Colley, D. G., LoVerde, P. T., & Savioli, L. (2001). Infectious disease. Medical helminthology in the 21st century. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1437–1438.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pomeranz Krummel, D. A., Oubridge, C., Leung, A. K. W., Li, J., & Nagai, K. (2009). Crystal structure of human spliceosomal U1 snRNP at 5.5 A resolution. Nature, 458(7237), 475–480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robbins, N. B. (2004). Creating More Effective Graphs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lüttge, U., & Beyschlag, W. (Eds.). (2015). Progress in Botany: Vol. 76 (Vol. 76). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cocchiarella, N. B. (2010). Actualism Versus Possibilism in Formal Ontology. In R. Poli & J. Seibt (Eds.), Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives (pp. 105–117). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Networks.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 24). Six Lessons From The Initial Failed International Response To Ebola. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Energy Research: Recovery of Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects (No. T-RCED-96-225). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, R. M. (2017). Experimental Evaluation of Cooling Effectiveness and Water Conservation in a Poultry House Using Flow Blurring Atomizers (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014, April 27). The City as Gallery. New York Times, p. WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Networks
ISSN (print)1022-0038
ISSN (online)1572-8196
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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