How to format your references using the Wireless Networks citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Networks. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGraw, R. (2004). Humidity, ice, and nitric acid. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 961–3; author reply 961-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giessen, H., & Lippitz, M. (2010). Physics. Directing light emission from quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 910–911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti, V., Lloyd, S., & Maccone, L. (2004). Quantum-enhanced measurements: beating the standard quantum limit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1330–1336.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Honma, S., Kawamoto, T., Takagi, Y., Fujimoto, K., Sato, F., Noshiro, M., … Honma, K.-I. (2002). Dec1 and Dec2 are regulators of the mammalian molecular clock. Nature, 419(6909), 841–844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taber, D. F. (2008). Organic Synthesis: State of the 2005-2007. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Holmberg, K., Adgar, A., Arnaiz, A., Jantunen, E., Mascolo, J., & Mekid, S. (Eds.). (2010). E-maintenance. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Da Silva-Grigoletto, M. E., & Heredia Elvar, J. R. (2016). Conceptual and Terminological Foundations for the Sciences of Physical Exercise: New Perspectives. In D. Vaamonde, S. S. du Plessis, & A. Agarwal (Eds.), Exercise and Human Reproduction: Induced Fertility Disorders and Possible Therapies (pp. 69–74). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Networks.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, August 27). Watch This Amazing Self-Healing Material That Could Instantly Repair Damaged Spacecraft. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process (No. PAD-82-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do, Y. K. (2008). Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, January 14). Suffolk Seeks Ways to Ease School Taxes. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Networks
ISSN (print)1022-0038
ISSN (online)1572-8196
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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