How to format your references using the Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe, D.: Public planning: Designs fit for purpose. Nature. 493, S4-5 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, W., Südhof, T.C.: A neural circuit for memory specificity and generalization. Science. 339, 1290–1295 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Audouze, K., Brunak, S., Grandjean, P.: A computational approach to chemical etiologies of diabetes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2712 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujiki, R., Hashiba, W., Sekine, H., Yokoyama, A., Chikanishi, T., Ito, S., Imai, Y., Kim, J., He, H.H., Igarashi, K., Kanno, J., Ohtake, F., Kitagawa, H., Roeder, R.G., Brown, M., Kato, S.: GlcNAcylation of histone H2B facilitates its monoubiquitination. Nature. 480, 557–560 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Linder, B.: Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2004)
An edited book
Zelinka, I., Duy, V.H., Cha, J. eds: AETA 2013: Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, Y., Qiu, W.: The Potential of Social Media for Students with Disabilities. In: Gray, T. and Silver-Pacuilla, H. (eds.) Breakthrough Teaching and Learning: How Educational and Assistive Technologies are Driving Innovation. pp. 71–86. Springer, New York, NY (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Study With 95,000 Children Finds No Link Between Autism and Measles Vaccine, Even In High Risk Children,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Station: Deteriorating Cost and Schedule Performance Under the Prime Contract. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klippel, S.A.: The Celtic siren: A case study of William Sharp’s seduction experience in which the numinous other is understood and interpreted, (2005)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., Walsh, M.W.: For Detroit, a Crisis Born of Bad Decisions and Crossed Fingers, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDifferential Equations and Dynamical Systems
AbbreviationDiffer. Equ. Dyn. Syst.
ISSN (print)0971-3514
ISSN (online)0974-6870
Applied Mathematics

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