How to format your references using the Religions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fynbo, J.P.U. Astronomy. An Exceptionally Bright Gamma-Ray Burst. Science 2014, 343, 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kroymann, J.; Mitchell-Olds, T. Epistasis and Balanced Polymorphism Influencing Complex Trait Variation. Nature 2005, 435, 95–98.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mennill, D.J.; Ratcliffe, L.M.; Boag, P.T. Female Eavesdropping on Male Song Contests in Songbirds. Science 2002, 296, 873.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Emilsson, V.; Ilkov, M.; Lamb, J.R.; Finkel, N.; Gudmundsson, E.F.; Pitts, R.; Hoover, H.; Gudmundsdottir, V.; Horman, S.R.; Aspelund, T.; et al. Co-Regulatory Networks of Human Serum Proteins Link Genetics to Disease. Science 2018, 361, 769–773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew, S. Sustainable Construction Processes; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119247937.
An edited book
Behavioral Neurobiology of Stress-Related Disorders; Pariante, C.M., Lapiz-Bluhm, M.D., Eds.; Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; Vol. 18; ISBN 9783662451250.
A chapter in an edited book
Hromkovič, J.; Královič, R.; Královič, R.; Štefanec, R. Determinism vs. Nondeterminism for Two-Way Automata. In Developments in Language Theory: 16th International Conference, DLT 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, August 14-17, 2012. Proceedings; Yen, H.-C., Ibarra, O.H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 24–39 ISBN 9783642316524.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religions.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Jupiter Is Hit By 6.5 Fireballs Every Year Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Air Traffic Control: FAA Has Not Fully Assessed Its User Request Evaluation Tool; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreno, S. Mother-Child Relationships: Females behind Bars and Their Children. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kershner, I.; Goldman, A.; Blinder, A.; Pérez-Peña, R. Teenager in Israel Is Arrested in Threats to U.S. Jewish Centers. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReligions
AbbreviationReligions (Basel)
ISSN (online)2077-1444

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