How to format your references using the Religions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marrucci, G. Materials Science. Polymers Go with the Flow. Science 2003, 301, 1681–1682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waitukaitis, S.R.; Jaeger, H.M. Impact-Activated Solidification of Dense Suspensions via Dynamic Jamming Fronts. Nature 2012, 487, 205–209.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, V.C.; Panthani, M.G.; Korgel, B.A. Phase Transitions, Melting Dynamics, and Solid-State Diffusion in a Nano Test Tube. Science 2009, 326, 405–407.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jékely, G.; Colombelli, J.; Hausen, H.; Guy, K.; Stelzer, E.; Nédélec, F.; Arendt, D. Mechanism of Phototaxis in Marine Zooplankton. Nature 2008, 456, 395–399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexander, M.; Walkenbach, J. 101 Ready-to-Use Excel® Macros; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118983928.
An edited book
Højsgaard, S. Graphical Models with R; Edwards, D., Lauritzen, S., Eds.; Use R!; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2012; ISBN 9781461422983.
A chapter in an edited book
Butler, C. Applied Behavioral Economics: A Game Designer’s Perspective. In Gamification in Education and Business; Reiners, T., Wood, L.C., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 81–104 ISBN 9783319102078.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religions.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Teens Invent Condoms That Change Color When They Detect STDs Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Improvements Recommended for Better Oversight of the Capitol Page School; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1979;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pundir, B. Surface Pressure Fluctuations Due to an Impinging Underexpanded Supersonic Jet. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. Cadillac’s Ad Gambit: Selling Luxury Cars by Promoting Unity. New York Times 2017, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReligions
AbbreviationReligions (Basel)
ISSN (online)2077-1444

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