How to format your references using the Religions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maller, J.L. Signal transduction. Fishing at the cell surface. Science 2003, 300, 594–595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palfrey, J.; Zittrain, J. Information science. Better data for a better Internet. Science 2011, 334, 1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zimmer, J.; Nam, Y.; Rapoport, T.A. Structure of a complex of the ATPase SecA and the protein-translocation channel. Nature 2008, 455, 936–943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gupta, A.; Gartner, J.J.; Sethupathy, P.; Hatzigeorgiou, A.G.; Fraser, N.W. Anti-apoptotic function of a microRNA encoded by the HSV-1 latency-associated transcript. Nature 2006, 442, 82–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F.G.; Lambert, O.; Uhen, M.D. Cetacean Paleobiology; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781118561546.
An edited book
Their World: A Diversity of Microbial Environments; Hurst, C.J., Ed.; Advances in Environmental Microbiology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 1; ISBN 9783319280691.
A chapter in an edited book
Daly, E.J. Outlook on Space Weather Effects on Spacecraft. In Effects of Space Weather on Technology Infrastructure; Daglis, I.A., Ed.; NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2005; pp. 91–108 ISBN 9781402027482.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religions.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. What Is This Mysterious Oval Structure In Antarctica? Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Farmers Home Administration’s Computer-Based Unified Management Information System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferreira, T.J. Fragmented: Moving Away from Control. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Fighting In A Breakaway Region. New York Times 2001, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReligions
AbbreviationReligions (Basel)
ISSN (online)2077-1444

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