How to format your references using the Religions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Religions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Childress, L. Physics. Diamond dynamics under control. Science 2014, 345, 1247–1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dulvy, N.K.; Kindsvater, H.K. Ecology: Recovering the potential of coral reefs. Nature 2015, 520, 304–305.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu, B.; Erdélyi, R.; James, S.P. Solar chromospheric spicules from the leakage of photospheric oscillations and flows. Nature 2004, 430, 536–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shin, T.; Kraemer, D.; Pryor, J.; Liu, L.; Rugila, J.; Howe, L.; Buck, S.; Murphy, K.; Lyons, L.; Westhusin, M. A cat cloned by nuclear transplantation. Nature 2002, 415, 859.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore, R.G.; Garland, A. Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: West Sussex, England, 2008; ISBN 9780470713495.
An edited book
Applied Methods and Techniques for Mechatronic Systems: Modelling, Identification and Control; Liu, L., Zhu, Q., Cheng, L., Wang, Y., Zhao, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; Vol. 452; ISBN 9783642363849.
A chapter in an edited book
Piper, A.J.; Hollier, C.A. Nocturnal Noninvasive Ventilation in Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome. In Nocturnal Non-Invasive Ventilation: Theory, Evidence, and Clinical Practice; Basner, R.C., Parthasarathy, S., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2015; pp. 83–111 ISBN 9781489976239.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Religions.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2016 Is Likely To Be The World’s Hottest Year: Here’s Why Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information Superhighway: Issues Affecting Development; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binkley, P.M. Relationship of Graduate Student Involvement to Graduate Alumni Donor Behavior. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. Inquiry Focuses on White House Role in Preserving Union Pensions at Delphi. New York Times 2010, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReligions
AbbreviationReligions (Basel)
ISSN (online)2077-1444

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