How to format your references using the Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing (WCMC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Carroll SB. The big picture. Nature 2001; 409(6821): 669.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Trumbore SE, Czimczik CI. Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2008; 321(5895): 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sta Ana JL, Frankel MS, Berger KM. Biosecurity. Educating scientists about dual use. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2009; 326(5957): 1193.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Anderson TL, Charlson RJ, Schwartz SE, et al. Atmospheric science. Climate forcing by aerosol--a hazy picture. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2003; 300(5622): 1103–1104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Arden JB, Linford L. Brain-Based Therapy with Adults. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
1. Mazzone L, Vitiello B eds. Psychiatric Symptoms and Comorbidities in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Andronescu M, Brodie M. Decision Tree Learning Using a Bayesian Approach at Each Node. In Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 22nd Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2009 Kelowna, Canada, May 25-27, 2009 Proceedings, Gao Y, Japkowicz N (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; 4–15.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Why Can’t We See Stars In Space Photographs? IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Insights Into CETA’s In-School Youth Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chirwa KU. Encumbered Existence: A Three Movement Work for Jazz Orchestra. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Mueller B, Baker AL. Heroin Market Shapes Enforcer’s Rise and Fall. New York Times. June 27, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Communications and Mobile Computing
AbbreviationWirel. Commun. Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1530-8669
ISSN (online)1530-8677
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles