How to format your references using the Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing (WCMC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Simmons NB. Evolution. An Eocene big bang for bats. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2005; 307(5709): 527–528.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gale M Jr, Foy EM. Evasion of intracellular host defence by hepatitis C virus. Nature 2005; 436(7053): 939–945.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Machens CK, Romo R, Brody CD. Flexible control of mutual inhibition: a neural model of two-interval discrimination. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2005; 307(5712): 1121–1124.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kong A, Thorleifsson G, Gudbjartsson DF, et al. Fine-scale recombination rate differences between sexes, populations and individuals. Nature 2010; 467(7319): 1099–1103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Douglas J, Noy EA. Building Surveys and Reports. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
1. Nakagawa N, Nakamichi M, Sugiura H eds. The Japanese Macaques. Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Beldiceanu N, Katriel I, Lorca X. Undirected Forest Constraints. In Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems: Third International Conference, CPAIOR 2006, Cork, Ireland, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings, Beck JC, Smith BM (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; 29–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. 2015’s Recording-Breaking Temperatures Will Be “New Normal” Very Soon. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airfield Pavements. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Randall R. Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Loomis G. Baroque Opera at the Ambronay Festival. New York Times. October 2, 2012:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Communications and Mobile Computing
AbbreviationWirel. Commun. Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1530-8669
ISSN (online)1530-8677
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles