How to format your references using the Frontiers in Teleneurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Teleneurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2009). World view: Out of service. Nature 462, 846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turecek, R., and Trussell, L. O. (2001). Presynaptic glycine receptors enhance transmitter release at a mammalian central synapse. Nature 411, 587–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ditzen, M., Pellegrino, M., and Vosshall, L. B. (2008). Insect odorant receptors are molecular targets of the insect repellent DEET. Science 319, 1838–1842.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Koide, S., Huang, X., Link, K., Koide, A., Bu, Z., and Engelman, D. M. (2000). Design of single-layer beta-sheets without a hydrophobic core. Nature 403, 456–460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy, M. A. (2016). Project Management in the Oil and Gas Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ncube, M. (2016). Global Growth and Financial Spillovers and the South African Macro-economy. , eds. N. Gumata and E. Ndou London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Yao, X. (2012). “Unpacking and Understanding Evolutionary Algorithms,” in Advances in Computational Intelligence: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, WCCI 2012, Brisbane, Australia, June 10-15, 2012. Plenary/Invited Lectures Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. Liu, C. Alippi, B. Bouchon-Meunier, G. W. Greenwood, and H. A. Abbass (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 60–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Teleneurology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Cranes Are Reluctant To Fly In The Fog. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Sports Arena. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rabalais, M. E. (2014). STEAM: A National Study of the Integration of the Arts Into STEM Instruction and its Impact on Student Achievement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr., and Alani, H. (2017). Man Who Pushed Passenger Who Died on Subway Tracks Is Acquitted. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2009; Turecek and Trussell, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turecek and Trussell, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Koide et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Teleneurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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