How to format your references using the Frontiers in Teleneurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Teleneurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pulverer, B. (2010). Transparency showcases strength of peer review. Nature 468, 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maund, J. R., and Smartt, S. J. (2009). The disappearance of the progenitors of supernovae 1993J and 2003gd. Science 324, 486–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez, G., Wilkins, G., and Thiemens, M. H. (2011). The Soret effect and isotopic fractionation in high-temperature silicate melts. Nature 473, 70–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ku, Z., Rong, Y., Xu, M., Liu, T., and Han, H. (2013). Full printable processed mesoscopic CH₃NH₃PbI₃/TiO₂ heterojunction solar cells with carbon counter electrode. Sci. Rep. 3, 3132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heller, D. (2011). Hairspray. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
English, L. M. (2012). Learning with Adults: A Critical Pedagogical Introduction. , ed. P. Mayo Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Seifert, T., Pauls, F., and Fettweis, G. (2016). “Multi-TSV Crosstalk Channel Equalization with Non-uniform Quantization,” in 3D Stacked Chips: From Emerging Processes to Heterogeneous Systems, eds. I. (abe) M. Elfadel and G. Fettweis (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Teleneurology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017). Scientists Are Going To March On Washington. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). NOAA Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Levy, M. R. (2009). Visual perception and Gestalt grouping in the landscape: Are Gestalt grouping prinicples reliable indicators of visual preference?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015). Weekend Entertainments from the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pulverer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Maund and Smartt, 2009; Pulverer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maund and Smartt, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ku et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Teleneurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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