How to format your references using the Frontiers in Teleneurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Teleneurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Higgins, C. F. (2007). Multiple molecular mechanisms for multidrug resistance transporters. Nature 446, 749–757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Payne, J. L., and Wagner, A. (2014). The robustness and evolvability of transcription factor binding sites. Science 343, 875–877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L., Wang, H., and Zhao, X. (2014). Effects of Rhodiola on production, health and gut development of broilers reared at high altitude in Tibet. Sci. Rep. 4, 7166.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chuang, C.-P., Yuan, T., Dmowski, W., Wang, G.-Y., Freels, M., Liaw, P. K., et al. (2013). Fatigue-induced damage in Zr-based bulk metallic glasses. Sci. Rep. 3, 2578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, N. (2010). Aerothermodynamics of Turbomachinery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lingras, P., Wolski, M., Cornelis, C., Mitra, S., and Wasilewski, P. eds. (2013). Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology: 8th International Conference, RSKT 2013, Halifax, NS, Canada, October 11-14, 2013, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carpené, M., Klampanos, I. A., Leong, S. H., Casarotti, E., Danecek, P., Ferini, G., et al. (2013). “Towards Addressing CPU-Intensive Seismological Applications in Europe,” in Supercomputing: 28th International Supercomputing Conference, ISC 2013, Leipzig, Germany, June 16-20, 2013. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. M. Kunkel, T. Ludwig, and H. W. Meuer (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Teleneurology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Zoo Elephants’ Welfare Is More Affected By Social Interaction Than Enclosure Size. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). Budget Reimbursements: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Reimbursable Work. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bonilla, E. (2017). Parental Employment Status and Child Feeding Practices Among African American and Latina Adolescent Girls.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015). Puerto Rico’s Debt Rescue Plan Is Being Called Into Question. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Higgins, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Higgins, 2007; Payne and Wagner, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Payne and Wagner, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chuang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Teleneurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles