How to format your references using the Frontiers in Teleneurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Teleneurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Szpiro, G. (2013). Economics: Value judgements. Nature 500, 521–523.
A journal article with 2 authors
Felton, L. M., and Anthony, C. (2005). Biochemistry: role of PQQ as a mammalian enzyme cofactor? Nature 433, E10; discussion E11-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, N., Xu, Y., and Jiang, D. (2014). High-performance heterogeneous catalysis with surface-exposed stable metal nanoparticles. Sci. Rep. 4, 7228.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pryor, W. R., Rymer, A. M., Mitchell, D. G., Hill, T. W., Young, D. T., Saur, J., et al. (2011). The auroral footprint of Enceladus on Saturn. Nature 472, 331–333.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arthur D. Little, Inc. (2010). Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fujita, S. (2009). Quantum Theory of Conducting Matter: Superconductivity. , eds. K. Ito and S. Godoy New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gordon, M. A., and Sorochenko, R. L. (2009). “Constants,” in Radio Recombination Lines: Their Physics and Astronomical Applications Astrophysics and Space Science Library., ed. R. L. Sorochenko (New York, NY: Springer), 1–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Teleneurology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). 20-Year-Old To Launch World’s First Ocean Cleaning System In 2016. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Aviation Weather: FAA and the National Weather Service Are Considering Plans to Consolidate Weather Service Offices, But Face Significant Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClurg, A. D. (2013). A phenomenological study of Baby Boomer retirement— Expectations, results, and implications.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, T. by J. (2014). Boy of Summer. New York Times, MM43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Szpiro, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Felton and Anthony, 2005; Szpiro, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Felton and Anthony, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pryor et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Teleneurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles