How to format your references using the Frontiers in Teleneurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Teleneurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2002). Microarray technology: an array of opportunities. Nature 416, 885–891.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burlini, L., and Di Toro, G. (2008). Geophysics. Volcanic symphony in the lab. Science 322, 207–208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bieber, F. R., Brenner, C. H., and Lazer, D. (2006). Human genetics. Finding criminals through DNA of their relatives. Science 312, 1315–1316.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ohmoto, H., Watanabe, Y., Ikemi, H., Poulson, S. R., and Taylor, B. E. (2006). Sulphur isotope evidence for an oxic Archaean atmosphere. Nature 442, 908–911.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, C. A. (2008). The One-Page Project Manager for it Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Li, Y., and Kaiser, G. eds. (2011). Expertise in Mathematics Instruction: An International Perspective. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Macario, A. J. L., Conway de Macario, E., and Cappello, F. (2013). “Structural and Hereditary Chaperonopathies: Mutation,” in The Chaperonopathies: Diseases with Defective Molecular Chaperones SpringerBriefs in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology., eds. E. Conway de Macario and F. Cappello (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 43–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Teleneurology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Kung Fu Stegosaur Stabbed Toothy Predator With Its Spiky Tail. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Information Technology: Implementing Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Improve the Management of Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matheny, A. L. (2009). Home gardener preferences, perceptions, knowledge and behaviors associated with pest management strategies and information acquisition.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman, J., and Pilon, M. (2012). Saudi Arabia May Send Women to Olympics. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2002; Burlini and Di Toro, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burlini and Di Toro, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ohmoto et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Teleneurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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