How to format your references using the Future Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu RC. Sensory systems: The yin and yang of cortical oxytocin. Nature. 520(7548), 444–445 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Parrish DD, Zhu T. Climate change. Clean air for megacities. Science. 326(5953), 674–675 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang F, Chen X, Vitousek P. Chinese agriculture: An experiment for the world. Nature. 497(7447), 33–35 (2013).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zheng Q, Jiao N, Zhang R, Chen F, Suttle CA. Prevalence of psbA-containing cyanobacterial podoviruses in the ocean. Sci. Rep. 3, 3207 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham L. Internal Control Audit and Compliance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Piccioli A. Bones: Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age. 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
DeFrances MC. Molecular Mechanisms of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Insights to Therapy. In: Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Carr BI (Ed.), Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 109–130 (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Oncology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Gene That Sends Roots Downwards Could Save Barley From Drought. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Budget: Potential Reductions to Budget Requests for Selected ADP Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich MA. “To treat her as a woman”: African American women and respectability in New York, 1860-1890. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman J. Formula for Upset: Arithmetic Trumps Art. New York Times, B14 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Oncology
AbbreviationFuture Oncol.
ISSN (print)1479-6694
ISSN (online)1744-8301
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

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