How to format your references using the Future Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kassen R. If you want to win the game, you must join in. Nature. 480(7376), 153 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
Dermitzakis ET, Clark AG. Genetics. Life after GWA studies. Science. 326(5950), 239–240 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ito T, Woloszyn M, Mazloff M. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide transport in the Southern Ocean driven by Ekman flow. Nature. 463(7277), 80–83 (2010).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sato K, Aoki K, Watanabe YY, Miller PJO. Neutral buoyancy is optimal to minimize the cost of transport in horizontally swimming seals. Sci. Rep. 3, 2205 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle JF. Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Michell D, Wilson JZ, Archer V, editors. Bread and Roses: Voices of Australian Academics from the Working Class. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Dabezies JM, Ballesteros-Arias P. Perceptions and Appropriations of Discourses in the National Park Island of Ons (Galicia, Spain). In: Shaping Rural Areas in Europe: Perceptions and Outcomes on the Present and the Future. Silva L, Figueiredo E (Eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 41–55 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Oncology.

Blog post
Taub B. Holy Hand Grenade Dating Back To The Crusades Discovered In Israel [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Rulemaking: Agencies’ Use of Information Technology to Facilitate Public Participation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baghdadi M. A comparison of gender representation in English (EFL) and Arabic (AFL) textbooks in Iran: A critical discourse analysis. (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Bolshoi Opens Controversial Opera. New York Times, E2 (2005).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Oncology
AbbreviationFuture Oncol.
ISSN (print)1479-6694
ISSN (online)1744-8301
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

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