How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haigwood, N. L. HIV: tied down by its own receptor. Nature 519, 36–37 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Sullenger, B. A. & Gilboa, E. Emerging clinical applications of RNA. Nature 418, 252–258 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
Schall, J. D., Paré, M. & Woodman, G. F. Comment on ‘Top-down versus bottom-up control of attention in the prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices’. Science 318, 44; author reply 44 (2007).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Lim, P.-E., Tan, J., Eamsobhana, P. & Yong, H. S. Distinct genetic clades of Malaysian Copera damselflies and the phylogeny of platycnemine subfamilies. Sci. Rep. 3, 2977 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, P. Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015).
An edited book
Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery: Proceedings of VETOMAC X 2014, held at the University of Manchester, UK, September 9-11, 2014. vol. 23 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
Niemueller, T. et al. The Carologistics Approach to Cope with the Increased Complexity and New Challenges of the RoboCup Logistics League 2015. in RoboCup 2015: Robot World Cup XIX (eds. Almeida, L., Ji, J., Steinbauer, G. & Luke, S.) 47–59 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Immunology.

Blog post
Davis, J. Farming Causes More Air Pollution Than All Other Human Sources Combined. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market. (1997).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laubacher, T. L. Simplifying ‘Inherently Governmental’ Functions: Choosing between a Principled Approach or More of the Same. (George Washington University, 2016).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. The Paintings of an ‘Outsider’ Are (Finally) Revealed. New York Times A17 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Immunology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1474-1733
ISSN (online)1474-1741

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