How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chapman, T. High throughput goes 3D. Nature 425, 871 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Roberson, E. D. & Mucke, L. 100 years and counting: prospects for defeating Alzheimer’s disease. Science 314, 781–784 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhang, X., Zhu, Y. & Granick, S. Hydrophobicity at a Janus interface. Science 295, 663–666 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Zhang, Y. et al. Hydrogen sulfide attenuates the recruitment of CD11b+Gr-1+ myeloid cells and regulates Bax/Bcl-2 signaling in myocardial ischemia injury. Sci. Rep. 4, 4774 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ghiani, G., Laporte, G. & Musmanno, R. Introduction to Logistics Systems Planning and Control. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005).
An edited book
1.
Comprehensive Guide to Autism. (Springer, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chen, X., Liu, Y. & Tu, D. Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanide-Doped Nanoparticles. in Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials: From Fundamentals to Bioapplications (eds. Liu, Y. & Tu, D.) 75–123 (Springer, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews, R. Why Is New Zealand Experiencing Powerful Earthquakes At The Moment? IFLScience (2016). Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/new-zealand-powerful-earthquakes/. (Accessed: 30th October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at Northern Arizona University and Participating Schools on the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Addington, L. M. Students’ Preferences for Information Sources during the Undergraduate College Search Process: The Influence of Technology. (George Washington University, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse, L. IN REVERSAL OF COURSE, JUSTICES, 5-4, BACK BAN ON ABORTION METHOD. New York Times A1 (2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Immunology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1474-1733
ISSN (online)1474-1741
Scope

Other styles