How to format your references using the Nature Reviews Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Reviews Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kouwenhoven, L. Nanotechnology. Bouncing a C60 ball. Nature 407, 35–36 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
Premkumar, L. S. & Ahern, G. P. Induction of vanilloid receptor channel activity by protein kinase C. Nature 408, 985–990 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
Brooke, J., Rosenbaum, T. F. & Aeppli, G. Tunable quantum tunnelling of magnetic domain walls. Nature 413, 610–613 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Yokosaka, T. et al. Alternating images of congruent and incongruent movement creates the illusion of agency. Sci. Rep. 4, 6201 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prydie, D. & Hewitt, I. Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015).
An edited book
Information Technologies and Mathematical Modelling - Queueing Theory and Applications: 14th International Scientific Conference, ITMM 2015, named after A. F. Terpugov, Anzhero-Sudzhensk, Russia, November 18-22, 2015, Proceedings. 564, (Springer International Publishing, 2015).
A chapter in an edited book
Natarajan, R., Chen, X. & Lau, R. Ultrasound Applications in Lipid Extractions from Microalgae. in Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Ultrasound (eds. Fang, Z., Smith, R. L., Jr. & Qi, X.) 117–139 (Springer Netherlands, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Reviews Immunology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Deer Oh Deer – A Baby That Fits In the Palm Of Your Hand. IFLScience (2014). Available at:–-baby-fits-palm-your-hand/. (Accessed: 30th October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maitland, J. Differences in Perceived Organizational Justice Based Upon Overall Performance Appraisal Ratings. (Capella University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. Dog Show? Whatever. New York Times MB8 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Reviews Immunology
AbbreviationNat. Rev. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1474-1733
ISSN (online)1474-1741

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