How to format your references using the Wine Economics and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wine Economics and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collinge, J., 2012. Cell biology. The risk of prion zoonoses. Science 335, 411–413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Estrin, D., Sim, I., 2010. Health care delivery. Open mHealth architecture: an engine for health care innovation. Science 330, 759–760.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hibbins, A.P., Evans, B.R., Sambles, J.R., 2005. Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons. Science 308, 670–672.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chamberlain, N.L., Hill, R.I., Kapan, D.D., Gilbert, L.E., Kronforst, M.R., 2009. Polymorphic butterfly reveals the missing link in ecological speciation. Science 326, 847–850.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barone, S., Franco, E.L., 2012. Statistical and Managerial Techniques for Six Sigma Methodology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Conole, G., Klobučar, T., Rensing, C., Konert, J., Lavoué, E. (Eds.), 2015. Design for Teaching and Learning in a Networked World: 10th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2015, Toledo, Spain, September 15-18, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Scheider, S., 2009. The Case for Grounding Databases, in: Janowicz, K., Raubal, M., Levashkin, S. (Eds.), GeoSpatial Semantics: Third International Conference, GeoS 2009, Mexico City, Mexico, December 3-4, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 44–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wine Economics and Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Can Bad Posture Give You A Hunchback? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Electronic Government: Federal Initiatives Are Evolving Rapidly But They Face Significant Challenges (No. T-AIMD/GGD-00-179). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, E., 2010. An exploratory study on widows’ experiences following the loss of their spouse (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2016. ‘I Don’t Look Back.’ New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collinge, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Collinge, 2012; Estrin and Sim, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Estrin and Sim, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chamberlain et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleWine Economics and Policy
AbbreviationWine Econ. Pol.
ISSN (print)2212-9774

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