How to format your references using the Frontiers in Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H. (2000). European public remains sceptical. Nature 405, 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Čorić, I., and List, B. (2012). Asymmetric spiroacetalization catalysed by confined Brønsted acids. Nature 483, 315–319.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rockman, H. A., Koch, W. J., and Lefkowitz, R. J. (2002). Seven-transmembrane-spanning receptors and heart function. Nature 415, 206–212.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Murtra, P., Sheasby, A. M., Hunt, S. P., and De Felipe, C. (2000). Rewarding effects of opiates are absent in mice lacking the receptor for substance P. Nature 405, 180–183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe, H. E. (2001). Electromagnetic Propagation in Multi-Mode Random Media. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tatzelt, J. ed. (2011). Prion Proteins. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra, M., Correia, C., Brito, C., and Alves, P. M. (2014). “Bioprocessing of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells for Cell Therapy Applications,” in Stem Cells and Cell Therapy Cell Engineering., eds. M. Al-Rubeai and M. Naciri (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Built Environment.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). Computers May Be Evolving But Are They Intelligent? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kulavuz-Onal, D. (2013). English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008). Honor a Literary Giant, But Be Careful Where. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCabe, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McCabe, 2000; Čorić and List, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Čorić and List, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Murtra et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Built Environment
AbbreviationFront. Built Environ.
ISSN (online)2297-3362

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