How to format your references using the Frontiers in Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donlan, J. (2005). Re-wilding North America. Nature 436, 913–914.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losos, J. B., and Pringle, R. M. (2011). Competition, predation and natural selection in island lizards. Nature 475, E1-2; discussion E3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheung, V. G., Sherman, S. L., and Feingold, E. (2010). Genetics. Genetic control of hotspots. Science 327, 791–792.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Coskun, U. C., Wei, T.-C., Vishveshwara, S., Goldbart, P. M., and Bezryadin, A. (2004). h/e magnetic flux modulation of the energy gap in nanotube quantum dots. Science 304, 1132–1134.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pick, J. B. (2012). Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anthony, P., Ishizuka, M., and Lukose, D. eds. (2012). PRICAI 2012: Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 12th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Kuching, Malaysia, September 3-7, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Park, J.-W. (2016). “rTMS in Dysphagia After Stroke,” in Therapeutic rTMS in Neurology: Principles, Evidence, and Practice Recommendations, ed. T. Platz (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 63–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Built Environment.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Research Ship To Be Purposely Frozen In Arctic Ice To Drift Across The North Pole. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). FAA Safety Inspector Training Survey Data, an E-supplement to GAO-05-728. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rudoy, S. I. (2014). Developing a model for understanding mindfulness as a potential intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017). A Costly Retraction for CNN And an Opening for Trump. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donlan, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Donlan, 2005; Losos and Pringle, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losos and Pringle, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Coskun et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Built Environment
AbbreviationFront. Built Environ.
ISSN (online)2297-3362

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