How to format your references using the Wind Energy Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wind Energy Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fratzl, P.: Materials science. A composite matter of alignment, Science, 335(6065), 177–178, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartek, J. and Lukas, J.: Cell biology. The stress of finding NEMO, Science, 311(5764), 1110–1111, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller, C. F., Barry, C. and Burgess, N.: Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network, Nature, 463(7281), 657–661, 2010.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Wu, W.-Q., Lei, B.-X., Rao, H.-S., Xu, Y.-F., Wang, Y.-F., Su, C.-Y. and Kuang, D.-B.: Hydrothermal fabrication of hierarchically anatase TiO2 nanowire arrays on FTO glass for dye-sensitized solar cells, Sci. Rep., 3, 1352, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohanty, S. and Ghosh, R.: Planning a Scientific Career in Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2010.
An edited book
Scoffone, C. M., Hoznek, A. and Cracco, C. M., Eds.: Supine Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and ECIRS: The New Way of Interpreting PNL, Springer, Paris., 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, C.-T., Lo, C.-C., Tseng, C.-H. and Chang, J.-M.: An Information Theoretic Web Site Navigability Classification, in Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Second International Conference, ACIIDS, Hue City, Vietnam, March 24-26, 2010. Proceedings, Part II, edited by N. T. Nguyen, M. T. Le, and J. Świątek, pp. 39–46, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wind Energy Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: 3-D pathogen model structure shows why there’s no cure for the common cold, IFLScience, 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airport Safety: New Radar That Will Help Prevent Accidents Is 4 Years Behind Schedule, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haile, M. D.: A mental health community outreach and education program for Eritrean immigrants: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: For New Trump Neighbors, Proximity Breeds Discontent, New York Times, 3rd June, 146, 2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fratzl, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bartek and Lukas, 2006; Fratzl, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bartek and Lukas, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWind Energy Science
ISSN (print)2366-7443
ISSN (online)2366-7451

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