How to format your references using the Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Check E. Fresh analyses put rice genomics on the map. Nature 2002;420:259.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Luoto TP, Nevalainen L. Long-term water temperature reconstructions from mountain lakes with different catchment and morphometric features. Sci Rep 2013;3:2488.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Laine E-M, Breuer H-P, Piilo J. Nonlocal memory effects allow perfect teleportation with mixed states. Sci Rep 2014;4:4620.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Collins FS, Green ED, Guttmacher AE, Guyer MS, US National Human Genome Research Institute. A vision for the future of genomics research. Nature 2003;422:835–47.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
van Vreeswijk M, Broersen J, Schurink G. Mindfulness and Schema Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2014.
An edited book
1
Yang X. Incomplete Information System and Rough Set Theory: Models and Attribute Reductions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Tian N, Guo L, Ren M, Ai C. Implementing the Matrix Inversion by Gauss-Jordan Method with CUDA. In: Cai Z, Wang C, Cheng S, Wang H, Gao H, editors. Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: 9th International Conference, WASA 2014, Harbin, China, June 23-25, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 44–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. New Gene-Editing Technique Can Change A Single Base In DNA. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-gene-editing-technique-can-change-single-base-dna/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. International Trade: Concerns Over Biotechnology Challenge U.S. Agricultural Exports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Garrett D. A quantitative study of STEM goal and role alignment across stakeholder leaders in California: Advocacy for application of a systems solution approach. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University; 2013; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
de la MERCED MJ. Bank Hires Tech Expert to Court Traditional Firms. New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEfficacy and Mechanism Evaluation
AbbreviationEffic. Mech. Eval.
ISSN (print)2050-4365
ISSN (online)2050-4373
Scope

Other styles