How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huybers, P. (2009). Atmosphere. Antarctica’s orbital beat. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5944), 1085–1086.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, R. C., & Ryan, M. J. (2013). Interactions of multisensory components perceptually rescue túngara frog mating signals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6143), 273–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aizen, M. A., Sabatino, M., & Tylianakis, J. M. (2012). Specialization and rarity predict nonrandom loss of interactions from mutualist networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1486–1489.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnson, M. D., Oldach, D., Delwiche, C. F., & Stoecker, D. K. (2007). Retention of transcriptionally active cryptophyte nuclei by the ciliate Myrionecta rubra. Nature, 445(7126), 426–428.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saguet, P. (2013). Numerical Analysis in Electromagnetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Andrews, T. D., Balan, R., Benedetto, J. J., Czaja, W., & Okoudjou, K. A. (Eds.). (2013). Excursions in Harmonic Analysis, Volume 2: The February Fourier Talks at the Norbert Wiener Center. Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Palacios, J., & Cin, P. D. (2009). Molecular Pathology and Cytogenetics of Endometrial Carcinoma, Carcinosarcoma, and Uterine Sarcomas. In E. Oliva & F. Muggia (Eds.), Uterine Cancer: Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (pp. 87–104). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 17). This Book Could Save Lives By Purifying Drinking Water. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Information Technology: Agencies and OMB Should Strengthen Processes for Identifying and Overseeing High Risk Projects (GAO-06-647). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tseng, Y. H.-H. (2008). Motivation of participation in inservice training based on problem solving: A modified Delphi study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 2). Collins Will Move From Dugout to Front Office as Mets Turn to Other Questions. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huybers, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Huybers, 2009; Taylor & Ryan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor & Ryan, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Aizen et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)0218-5385
ISSN (online)2165-0993
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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