How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chang, F. R. (2009). Computer science. Is your computer secure? Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5940), 550–551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kepinski, S., & Leyser, O. (2005). The Arabidopsis F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor. Nature, 435(7041), 446–451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Z., Gauthier, D. J., & Boyd, R. W. (2007). Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5857), 1748–1750.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnson, N., Zhao, G., Caycedo, F., Manrique, P., Qi, H., Rodriguez, F., & Quiroga, L. (2013). Extreme alien light allows survival of terrestrial bacteria. Scientific Reports, 3, 2198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhurin, V. V. (2011). Industrial Ion Sources. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Tan, K. C. (2005). Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms and Applications (E. F. Khor & T. H. Lee, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Moltchanov, D. (2008). On-Line Wireless Channel Modeling for Performance Control Purposes. In S. Balandin, D. Moltchanov, & Y. Koucheryavy (Eds.), Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networking: 8th International Conference, NEW2AN and 1st Russian Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2008 St. Petersburg, Russia, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 49–60). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 29). The Oldest Organisms In The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Aviation Safety: FAA and DOD Response to Similar Safety Concerns (GAO-02-77). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reehal, G. (2012). Designing Low Power and High Performance Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures for Nanometer SoCs [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 6). Fangs, Fur and Plenty of Firepower. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chang, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chang, 2009; Kepinski & Leyser, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kepinski & Leyser, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Zhu et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)0218-5385
ISSN (online)2165-0993
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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