How to format your references using the Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yantis, S. (2003). Neuroscience. To see is to attend. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 54–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura, M. T., & Dangl, J. L. (2014). Plant science. Paired plant immune receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6181), 267–268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., Yoshida, K., & Matsui, Y. (2005). A histone H3 methyltransferase controls epigenetic events required for meiotic prophase. Nature, 438(7066), 374–378.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, D., Wang, J., Chen, T., & Shao, L. (2013). Defect annihilation at grain boundaries in alpha-Fe. Scientific Reports, 3, 1450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, G. G. (2002). Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Devetak, I., & Glažar, S. A. (Eds.). (2014). Learning with Understanding in the Chemistry Classroom. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Orłowska, E., & Golińska-Pilarek, J. (2011). Dual Tableaux for Fork Algebras. In J. Golińska Pilarek (Ed.), Dual Tableaux: Foundations, Methodology, Case Studies (pp. 105–120). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 10). Origins Of Mysterious Radio Wave Bursts Discovered. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Industrial Policy: Japan’s Flexible Approach (ID-82-32). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M. (2009). Weaving Into the Glimmer [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2014, February 24). Faculty Questions NYU Langone’s Political Fund-Raising Efforts. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yantis, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Nishimura & Dangl, 2014; Yantis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishimura & Dangl, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Hayashi et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development
AbbreviationAsia Pac. J. Soc. Work
ISSN (print)0218-5385
ISSN (online)2165-0993
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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