How to format your references using the Mycology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mycology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doudna J. 2015. Genome-editing revolution: My whirlwind year with CRISPR. Nature. 528(7583):469–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wculek SK, Malanchi I. 2015. Neutrophils support lung colonization of metastasis-initiating breast cancer cells. Nature. 528(7582):413–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang X, Hansen N, Tsuji N. 2006. Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science. 312(5771):249–251.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Wang F, Li J, Wang X, Zhang W, Zou B, Neher DA, Li Z. 2014. Nitrogen and phosphorus addition impact soil N₂O emission in a secondary tropical forest of South China. Sci Rep. 4:5615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt W. 2000. Optische Spektroskopie. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Herik HJ van D, Björnsson Y, Netanyahu NS, editors. 2006. Computers and Games: 4th International Conference, CG 2004, Ramat-Gan, Israel, July 5-7, 2004. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rios A, Göhring A. 2016. Machine Learning Applied to Rule-Based Machine Translation. In: Costa-jussà MR, Rapp R, Lambert P, Eberle K, Banchs RE, Babych B, editors. Hybrid Approaches to Machine Translation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 111–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mycology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Brown Bears Enjoy Oral Sex. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Highlights of a Forum: Health Care 20 Years From Now--Taking Steps Today to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang Y. 2003. Statistical Analysis of cDNA Microarrays: A Systematic Approach to Identify MTF-1 Mediated Gene Expression Profile in Response to Cadmium [Doctoral dissertation]. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy P, Stockman F. 2016. Public Rattled as Campaign Turns Coarser. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doudna 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wculek & Malanchi 2015; Doudna 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wculek & Malanchi 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMycology
ISSN (print)2150-1203
ISSN (online)2150-1211
ScopePlant Science
Infectious Diseases

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