How to format your references using the Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lingham-Soliar T (2014). Comment on ‘A Jurassic ornithischian dinosaur from Siberia with both feathers and scales’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346, 434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fujii N, Graybiel AM (2003). Representation of action sequence boundaries by macaque prefrontal cortical neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, 1246–1249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto S, Furlan RLE, Sanders JKM (2002). Selection and amplification of hosts from dynamic combinatorial libraries of macrocyclic disulfides. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297, 590–593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petit L, Svane A, Szotek Z, Temmerman WM (2003). First-principles calculations of PuO(2+/-x). Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, 498–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ward S (2014). ‘TraderMind’. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Boswell MR (2012). ‘Local Climate Action Planning’ Eds AI Greve, TL Seale. (Island Press/Center for Resource Economics: Washington, DC)
A chapter in an edited book
Noor NM, Abdullah S (2015). A Data-Driven Study of the English Lexical Verbs Some Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence in Learners’ Academic Writing. In ‘Proceedings of the Colloquium on Administrative Science and Technology: CoAST 2013’. (Eds R Hashim, AB Abdul Majeed.) pp. 41–50. (Springer: Singapore)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017). No, Aliens Did Not Hack Voyager 2 Back In 2010. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Information Security: Department of Education and Other Federal Agencies Need to Better Implement Controls. GAO-16-228T. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada T (2012). Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chang S (2006). School Scandals: A Scorecard. New York Times, 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lingham-Soliar 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fujii and Graybiel 2003; Lingham-Soliar 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fujii and Graybiel 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Petit et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWildlife Research
AbbreviationWildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1035-3712
ISSN (online)1448-5494
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles