How to format your references using the Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eliopoulos, A. G. (2008). Cell signaling. ‘Make and brake’ in signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, 648–649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sylwestrak, E. L., and Ghosh, A. (2012). Elfn1 regulates target-specific release probability at CA1-interneuron synapses. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338, 536–540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinez-Mateo, J., Elkouss, D., and Martin, V. (2013). Key reconciliation for high performance quantum key distribution. Scientific reports 3, 1576.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grill, S. W., Howard, J., Schäffer, E., Stelzer, E. H. K., and Hyman, A. A. (2003). The distribution of active force generators controls mitotic spindle position. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, 518–521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Klerk, A. (2011). ‘Fischer-Tropsch Refining’. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany.)
An edited book
van der Laan, M. J. (2011). ‘Targeted Learning: Causal Inference for Observational and Experimental Data’ Ed S. Rose. (Springer: New York, NY.)
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, M. S., Korcz, M., von Stackelberg, K., and Hope, B. K. (2009). Spatial Analytical Techniques for Risk Based Decision Support Systems. In ‘Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites’. (Eds A. Marcomini, G. W. Suter II, and A. Critto.) pp. 1–19. (Springer US: Boston, MA.)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). Bison Fossils Suggest An Ice-Free Corridor Paved The Way For Ancient Human Migration. IFLScience. Available at: [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). Information Security: Federal Communications Commission Needs to Strengthen Controls over Enhanced Secured Network Project. GAO-13-155. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ng, A. (2012). Exploring the perceptions of health care leaders: Colorectal cancer screening barriers among Chinese Canadian women. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Peters, J. W., and Grynbaum, M. M. (2017). Returning to Role at Brash Website to Push Agenda. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eliopoulos 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Eliopoulos 2008; Sylwestrak and Ghosh 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sylwestrak and Ghosh 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Grill et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWildlife Research
AbbreviationWildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1035-3712
ISSN (online)1448-5494
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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