How to format your references using the Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sampson, R. J. (2012). Sociology. Moving and the neighborhood glass ceiling. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337, 1464–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomasello, M., and Call, J. (2011). Methodological challenges in the study of primate cognition. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334, 1227–1228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, R., Jamieson, A., and Cresswell, P. (2008). GILT is a critical host factor for Listeria monocytogenes infection. Nature 455, 1244–1247.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Egger, G., Liang, G., Aparicio, A., and Jones, P. A. (2004). Epigenetics in human disease and prospects for epigenetic therapy. Nature 429, 457–463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maudlin, T. (2011). ‘Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity’. (Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.)
An edited book
Bičák, J., and Ledvinka, T. (Eds.) (2014). ‘General Relativity, Cosmology and Astrophysics: Perspectives 100 years after Einstein’s stay in Prague’. (Springer International Publishing: Cham.)
A chapter in an edited book
Bosse, S. (2015). Design and Simulation of a Low-Resource Processing Platform for Mobile Multi-agent Systems in Distributed Heterogeneous Networks. In ‘Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, ICAART 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers’. (Eds B. Duval, J. van den Herik, S. Loiseau, and J. Filipe.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 63–81. (Springer International Publishing: Cham.)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). UN Declares That Internet Restrictions Violate Human Rights. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). The Management and Operation of FCC’s Public Reference Rooms. T-RCED-88-25. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams, J. (2015). Road to success: The experiences of academically successful graduation-bound African American males. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. (2017). July’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times, RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sampson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Tomasello and Call 2011; Sampson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomasello and Call 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Egger et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleWildlife Research
AbbreviationWildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1035-3712
ISSN (online)1448-5494
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles