How to format your references using the Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jensen MH (2002). Obituary: Per Bak (1947-2002). Nature 420, 284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook-Deegan RM, McCormack SJ (2001). Intellectual property. Patents, secrecy, and DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, 217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinothkumar KR, Zhu J, Hirst J (2014). Architecture of mammalian respiratory complex I. Nature 515, 80–84.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Husnjak K, Elsasser S, Zhang N, Chen X, Randles L, Shi Y, Hofmann K, Walters KJ, Finley D, Dikic I (2008). Proteasome subunit Rpn13 is a novel ubiquitin receptor. Nature 453, 481–488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hamdan M, Righetti PG (2005). ‘Proteomics Today’. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Knippers J, Nickel KG, Speck T (Eds.) (2016). ‘Biomimetic Research for Architecture and Building Construction: Biological Design and Integrative Structures’. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Lemle E, Bomkamp K, Williams MK, Cutbirth E (2015). Virtual Reality and the Future of Entertainment. In ‘Two Bit Circus and the Future of Entertainment’. (Eds K Bomkamp, MK Williams, E Cutbirth.) SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. pp. 25–37. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wildlife Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016). Scientists Manage To Store Data Using Single Atoms. IFLScience. Available at: [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). National Airspace System: Setting On-Time Performance Targets at Congested Airports Could Help Focus FAA’s Actions. GAO-10-542. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Accortt EE (2009). Frontal alpha electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry as a risk factor for pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); a psychophysiological and family history approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M, Protess B (2017). Citigroup Pays $97.4 Million To End Inquiry On Oversight. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jensen 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cook-Deegan and McCormack 2001; Jensen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cook-Deegan and McCormack 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Husnjak et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWildlife Research
AbbreviationWildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1035-3712
ISSN (online)1448-5494
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles