How to format your references using the Wildlife Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wildlife Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramamurthi, K. S. (2011). Molecular biology. mRNA delivers the goods. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331, 1021–1022.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maherali, H., and Klironomos, J. N. (2007). Influence of phylogeny on fungal community assembly and ecosystem functioning. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316, 1746–1748.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hare, T. A., Camerer, C. F., and Rangel, A. (2009). Self-control in decision-making involves modulation of the vmPFC valuation system. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, 646–648.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Padera, T. P., Stoll, B. R., Tooredman, J. B., Capen, D., di Tomaso, E., and Jain, R. K. (2004). Pathology: cancer cells compress intratumour vessels. Nature 427, 695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stavroudis, O. N. (2006). ‘The Mathematics of Geometrical and Physical Optics’. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG.)
An edited book
Levin, M. F. (Ed.) (2014). ‘Progress in Motor Control: Skill Learning, Performance, Health, and Injury’. (Springer: New York, NY.)
A chapter in an edited book
Yasuda, M., Shimoyama, T., Kogure, J., Yokoyama, K., and Koshiba, T. (2013). Packed Homomorphic Encryption Based on Ideal Lattices and Its Application to Biometrics. In ‘Security Engineering and Intelligence Informatics: CD-ARES 2013 Workshops: MoCrySEn and SeCIHD, Regensburg, Germany, September 2-6, 2013. Proceedings’. (Eds A. Cuzzocrea, C. Kittl, D. E. Simos, E. Weippl, and L. Xu.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 55–74. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wildlife Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). How Eyespots Showed Up On Butterfly Wings. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Productivity, Science and Technology: Keys to U.S. Economic Growth. No. 105610. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker, H. A. (2017). Virtual Mate Poaching: A study of the tactics used to poach a potential mate on Social Networking Sites. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, A. L. (2007). The Struggle to Move Beyond ‘Why Me?’ New York Times, F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramamurthi 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Maherali and Klironomos 2007; Ramamurthi 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maherali and Klironomos 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Padera et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleWildlife Research
AbbreviationWildl. Res.
ISSN (print)1035-3712
ISSN (online)1448-5494
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles