How to format your references using the Research Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, J. J. (2009). ‘Journal club. A bioengineer gets schooled by Escherichia coli’, Nature, 460/7252: 155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, P. M., & Jackson, D. D. (2011). ‘Retrospective. Leon Knopoff (1925-2011)’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 331/6023: 1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Renata, H., Zhou, Q., & Baran, P. S. (2013). ‘Strategic redox relay enables a scalable synthesis of ouabagenin, a bioactive cardenolide’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 339/6115: 59–63.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Muhar, M., Ebert, A., Neumann, T., Umkehrer, C., Jude, J., Wieshofer, C., Rescheneder, P., et al. (2018). ‘SLAM-seq defines direct gene-regulatory functions of the BRD4-MYC axis’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 360/6390: 800–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeish, B. (2010). Successful Marketing Strategies for Nonprofit Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
De Gloria, A. (Ed.). (2016). Applications in Electronics Pervading Industry, Environment and Society: APPLEPIES 2014. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 1st ed. 2016., Vol. 351. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Stead, D., Sielker, F., & Chilla, T. (2016). ‘Macro-regional Strategies: Agents of Europeanization and Rescaling?’. Gänzle S. & Kern K. (eds) A ‘Macro-regional’ Europe in the Making: Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Evidence, pp. 99–120. Palgrave Macmillan UK: London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). ‘What Is The Speed Of Dark?’. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Information Technology Training: Practices of Leading Private-Sector Companies ( No. GAO-03-390). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolakoski, M. (2013). The appeal to be heard and the trope of listening in classic film and African American literature (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2016). ‘Clinton Plan for Taxes Is Expansive but Complex’. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Collins 2009; Davis & Jackson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davis & Jackson 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Muhar et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Evaluation
AbbreviationRes. Eval.
ISSN (print)0958-2029
ISSN (online)1471-5449
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles