How to format your references using the Research Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yavuz, D. D. (2011). ‘Physics. Toward synthesis of arbitrary optical waveforms’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 331/6021: 1142–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin, D. S., & Tainer, J. A. (2015). ‘Molecular biology: DNA repair without flipping out’, Nature, 527/7577: 168–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roberts, L., Stone, R., & Sugden, A. (2009). ‘The rise of restoration ecology’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 325/5940: 555.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, K.-Y., Cong, B., Wing, R., Vrebalov, J., & Tanksley, S. D. (2007). ‘Changes in regulation of a transcription factor lead to autogamy in cultivated tomatoes’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 318/5850: 643–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, K. B. (2011). Principles of Microelectromechanical Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Arar, K. (2016). Higher Education and the Palestinian Arab Minority in Israel. (K. Haj-Yehia, Ed.). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Remacle, J.-F., Toulorge, T., & Lambrechts, J. (2013). ‘Robust Untangling of Curvilinear Meshes’. Jiao X. & Weill J.-C. (eds) Proceedings of the 21st International Meshing Roundtable, pp. 71–83. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017). ‘Warring Physicists Are Battling It Out Over The Origins Of The Universe’. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Telecommunications: Competition Issues in International Satellite Communications ( No. RCED-97-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beal, M. E. (2013). Predictive qualities of social characteristics and social integration on altruistic outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zraick, K., & Gladstone, R. (2016). ‘Prisoner Swap With Iran Doesn’t Necessarily Mean Iran Gets Anyone’. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yavuz 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Shin & Tainer 2015; Yavuz 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shin & Tainer 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Evaluation
AbbreviationRes. Eval.
ISSN (print)0958-2029
ISSN (online)1471-5449
Library and Information Sciences

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