How to format your references using the Research Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ma, E. (2004). ‘Materials science. Watching the nanograins roll’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 305/5684: 623–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armitage, A. E., & Drakesmith, H. (2014). ‘Genetics. The battle for iron’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 346/6215: 1299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christian, W., Esquembre, F., & Barbato, L. (2011). ‘SPORE series winner. Open source physics’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 334/6059: 1077–8.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nozawa, K., O’Donoghue, P., Gundllapalli, S., Araiso, Y., Ishitani, R., Umehara, T., Söll, D., et al. (2009). ‘Pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNA(Pyl) structure reveals the molecular basis of orthogonality’, Nature, 457/7233: 1163–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms, M., & Darlington, P. (2005). High Performance Loudspeakers. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Stephanidis, C. (Ed.). (2013). HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Communications in Computer and Information Science, Vol. 374. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sekitoleko, N., Evbota, F., Knauss, E., Sandberg, A., Chaudron, M., & Olsson, H. H. (2014). ‘Technical Dependency Challenges in Large-Scale Agile Software Development’. Cantone G. & Marchesi M. (eds) Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 15th International Conference, XP 2014, Rome, Italy, May 26-30, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, pp. 46–61. Springer International Publishing: Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). ‘First Close-Up Photograph Of Pluto’s Surface Released’. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Study of Certain Management Practices at the National Institute of Education ( No. HRD-77-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flannery, R. (2006). Clustering of Cyclic-Nucleotide-Gated Channels in Olfactory Cilia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). ‘CBS Wrongly Reports Singer’s Death’. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ma 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Armitage & Drakesmith 2014; Ma 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armitage & Drakesmith 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nozawa et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Evaluation
AbbreviationRes. Eval.
ISSN (print)0958-2029
ISSN (online)1471-5449
Library and Information Sciences

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