How to format your references using the Research Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). ‘Collaborations prepare to untangle the circuitry of the brain’, Nature, 406/6795: 545–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badcock, C., & Crespi, B. (2008). ‘Battle of the sexes may set the brain’, Nature, 454/7208: 1054–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, S. B., Stephenson, R., & Thomsen, E. (2007). ‘Dynamics of Mid-Palaeocene North Atlantic rifting linked with European intra-plate deformations’, Nature, 450/7172: 1071–4.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bozovic, I., Logvenov, G., Verhoeven, M. A. J., Caputo, P., Goldobin, E., & Geballe, T. H. (2003). ‘No mixing of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in a high-temperature superconductor’, Nature, 422/6934: 873–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minuth, W. W., Strehl, R., & Schumacher, K. (2005). Tissue Engineering. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Michail, S., & Sherman, P. M. (Eds). (2009). Probiotics in Pediatric Medicine. Nutrition and Health Series. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Bižić-Ionescu, M., & Ionescu, D. (2016). ‘Crossing the Freshwater/Saline Barrier: A Phylogenetic Analysis of Bacteria Inhabiting Both Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems’. Glibert P. M. & Kana T. M. (eds) Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry: A Dual Perspective, pp. 35–44. Springer International Publishing: Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). ‘Giant Mysterious Jellyfish Washes Up On Tasmanian Shores’. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Review of Certain Aspects of the Head Start Program Operated by the Community Education Extension of Mary Holmes College, Jackson, Mississippi ( No. B-157356). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland, E. J. (2010). A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., & Corkery, M. (2015). ‘Senate Panel Seeks More Details About Puerto Rico’s Debt and Long-Term Needs’. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Badcock & Crespi 2008; Gershon 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badcock & Crespi 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bozovic et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Evaluation
AbbreviationRes. Eval.
ISSN (print)0958-2029
ISSN (online)1471-5449
Library and Information Sciences

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