How to format your references using the Research Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A. (2006). ‘2007 U.S. budget. NASA budget soars as shuttle lands’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 313/5785: 280.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fiete, G. A., & de Lozanne, A. (2010). ‘Physics. Seeing quantum fractals’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 327/5966: 652–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto, S. B., Rall, B. C., & Brose, U. (2007). ‘Allometric degree distributions facilitate food-web stability’, Nature, 450/7173: 1226–9.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xing, G.-F., Wang, X.-L., Wan, Y., Chen, Z.-H., Jiang, Y., Kitajima, K., Ushikubo, T., et al. (2014). ‘Diversity in early crustal evolution: 4100 Ma zircons in the Cathaysia Block of southern China’, Scientific reports, 4: 5143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salles, M. (2015). Decision-Making and the Information System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shaw, R., Mallick, F., & Islam, A. (Eds). (2013). Climate Change Adaptation Actions in Bangladesh. Disaster Risk Reduction, Methods, Approaches and Practices. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Geeraerts, G., Heussner, A., Praveen, M., & Raskin, J.-F. (2013). ‘ω-Petri Nets’. Colom J.-M. & Desel J. (eds) Application and Theory of Petri Nets and Concurrency: 34th International Conference, PETRI NETS 2013, Milan, Italy, June 24-28, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 49–69. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). ‘Scientist At Work: Searching For Tiny Neutrinos In The South Pole’s Thick Ice’. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Student Mentoring Programs: Education’s Monitoring and Information Sharing Could Be Improved ( No. GAO-04-581). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenhall, J. A. (2008). Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016). ‘A Gladiator’s Guidance’. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fiete & de Lozanne 2010; Lawler 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fiete & de Lozanne 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Xing et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Evaluation
AbbreviationRes. Eval.
ISSN (print)0958-2029
ISSN (online)1471-5449
Library and Information Sciences

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