How to format your references using the Research Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wales, D. J. (2001). ‘A microscopic basis for the global appearance of energy landscapes’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 293/5537: 2067–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianchi, A., & Shore, D. (2008). ‘Molecular biology. Refined view of the ends’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 320/5881: 1301–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, D., Wang, C., & Guyot-Sionnest, P. (2003). ‘n-Type conducting CdSe nanocrystal solids’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 300/5623: 1277–80.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Osuna, C. E., Lim, S.-Y., Kublin, J. L., Apps, R., Chen, E., Mota, T. M., Huang, S.-H., et al. (2018). ‘Evidence that CD32a does not mark the HIV-1 latent reservoir’, Nature, 561/7723: E20–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon, J. (2017). Banach, Fréchet, Hilbert and Neumann Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Madhavan, R., Tunstel, E., & Messina, E. (Eds). (2009). Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gavin, B., & UNU-CRIS. (2007). ‘Reconciling Regionalism and Multilateralism: Towards Multilevel Trade Governance’. Lombaerde P. de (ed.) Multilateralism, Regionalism and Bilateralism in Trade and Investment: 2006 World Report on Regional Integration, United Nations University Series on Regionalism, pp. 59–72. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Evaluation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). ‘Young Stars Are Destroying Their Mother Nebula’. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). CEC Sale of Federal Spectrum ( No. NSIAD-97-40R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brothers, J. (2009). Nonparametric regression using wavelet transformations and noise reduction in audio signals (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998). ‘Publication Gives 2 Neighborhoods Unwanted Local Color’. New York Times, 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wales 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bianchi & Shore 2008; Wales 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianchi & Shore 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Osuna et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Evaluation
AbbreviationRes. Eval.
ISSN (print)0958-2029
ISSN (online)1471-5449
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles