How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen J. Knife-edge of design. Nature 2001;411:529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulet JFA, Hedwig B. The cellular basis of a corollary discharge. Science 2006;311:518–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deuss A, Irving JCE, Woodhouse JH. Regional variation of inner core anisotropy from seismic normal mode observations. Science 2010;328:1018–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoefen TM, Clark RN, Bandfield JL, Smith MD, Pearl JC, Christensen PR. Discovery of olivine in the Nili Fssae region of Mars. Science 2003;302:627–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krishnan V. Probability and Random Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Arbarello E. Geometry of Algebraic Curves: Volume II with a contribution by Joseph Daniel Harris. vol. 268. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Cummins RA. Subjective Well-Being, Homeostatically Protected Mood and Depression: A Synthesis. In: Delle Fave A, editor. The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Norway Wants To Build The World’s First Full-Scale Ship Tunnel. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs: Use of Highway Trust Fund Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alzaaq AY. Arabic adaptation of loanwords: An empirical examination of pharyngealization and vowel epenthesis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Where the Curriculum Is Hair-Raising. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)1110-1849
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles