How to format your references using the Journal of Population Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pirrotta, V. (2012). Molecular biology. How to read the chromatin past. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6097), 919–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belcher, C. M., & McElwain, J. C. (2008). Limits for combustion in low O2 redefine paleoatmospheric predictions for the Mesozoic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5893), 1197–1200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glaser, A., Barak, B., & Goldston, R. J. (2014). A zero-knowledge protocol for nuclear warhead verification. Nature, 510(7506), 497–502.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Galliou, S., Goryachev, M., Bourquin, R., Abbé, P., Aubry, J. P., & Tobar, M. E. (2013). Extremely low loss phonon-trapping cryogenic acoustic cavities for future physical experiments. Scientific reports, 3, 2132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ko, C. J., & Barr, R. J. (2011). Dermatopathology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Klusch, M., Rovatsos, M., & Payne, T. R. (Eds.). (2006). Cooperative Information Agents X: 10th International Workshop, CIA 2006 Edinburgh, UK, September 11-13, 2006 Proceedings (Vol. 4149). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schiehlen, W., Hu, B., & Seifried, R. (2005). Multiscale Methods for Multibody Systems with Impacts. In J. A. C. Ambrósio (Ed.), Advances in Computational Multibody Systems (pp. 95–124). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, September 6). FDA Bans The Sale Of Antibacterial Soaps. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Telecommunications: Additional Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed for High-Speed Internet Access Programs on Tribal Lands (No. GAO-16-222). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Uthe, P. B. (2010). The development of polycationic materials for gene delivery applications (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., & Sulcas, R. (2015, July 31). Acid Attack Victim to Leave the Bolshoi. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pirrotta 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Belcher and McElwain 2008; Pirrotta 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belcher and McElwain 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Galliou et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Research
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Res. (Canberra)
ISSN (print)1443-2447
ISSN (online)1835-9469

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