How to format your references using the Journal of Population Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frank, L. (2002). Biotechnology in the Medicon Valley. Nature, 420(6916 Suppl), A27, A29, A31 passim.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowe, C., & Healy, S. D. (2011). Evolution. Is bigger always better? Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6043), 708–709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hirata, A., Klein, B. J., & Murakami, K. S. (2008). The X-ray crystal structure of RNA polymerase from Archaea. Nature, 451(7180), 851–854.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yu, J., Xiao, J., Ren, X., Lao, K., & Xie, X. S. (2006). Probing gene expression in live cells, one protein molecule at a time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5767), 1600–1603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre, P. (2013). Dynamics of Structures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Castanho, M. A. R. B., & Güner-Akdogan, G. (Eds.). (2012). The Researching, Teaching, and Learning Triangle (Vol. 10). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kersten, G. E. (2014). Are Procurement Auctions Good for Society and for Buyers? In P. Zaraté, G. E. Kersten, & J. E. Hernández (Eds.), Group Decision and Negotiation. A Process-Oriented View: Joint INFORMS-GDN and EWG-DSS International Conference, GDN 2014, Toulouse, France, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 30–40). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, July 5). Plastic From The UK Is Choking The Arctic. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Transportation Infrastructure: Advantages and Disadvantages of Wrap-Up Insurance for Large Construction Projects (No. RCED-99-155). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldstein, D. L. (2010). Integration of geospatial technologies into K–12 curriculum: An investigation of teacher and student perceptions and student academic achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016, October 27). Up for Anyting: The Common Swift, Ever in the Air. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frank 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Frank 2002; Rowe and Healy 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowe and Healy 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Research
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Res. (Canberra)
ISSN (print)1443-2447
ISSN (online)1835-9469

Other styles