How to format your references using the Journal of Population Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thiemens, M. H. (2001). Atmospheric science. The mass-independent ozone isotope effect. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jung, J., & Bonini, N. (2007). CREB-binding protein modulates repeat instability in a Drosophila model for polyQ disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820), 1857–1859.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurtley, S., Ash, C., & Roberts, L. (2010). Tuberculosis & malaria. Landscapes of infection. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 841.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, X., Zhang, Y., Goswami, D. K., Okasinski, J. S., Salaita, K., Sun, P., et al. (2005). The controlled evolution of a polymer single crystal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1763–1766.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, A. W., & Frobenius, R. (2008). RF Measurements for Cellular Phones and Wireless Data Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rodríguez Vilamitjana, E. (2013). Chaos in Switching Converters for Power Management: Designing for Prediction and Control. (A. El Aroudi & E. Alarcón, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chernoy, V., Shalom, M., & Zaks, S. (2008). A Self-stabilizing Algorithm with Tight Bounds for Mutual Exclusion on a Ring. In G. Taubenfeld (Ed.), Distributed Computing: 22nd International Symposium, DISC 2008, Arcachon, France, September 22-24, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 63–77). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 27). New Vaccines Could Protect Poultry and Humans from Bird Flu. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed (No. NSIAD-97-98). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren, W. (2013). The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016, September 25). Keyboard Diplomacy. New York Times, p. BR23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thiemens 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jung and Bonini 2007; Thiemens 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jung and Bonini 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Research
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Res. (Canberra)
ISSN (print)1443-2447
ISSN (online)1835-9469

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