How to format your references using the Journal of Population Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander, R. M. (2005). Physiology. Walking made simple. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 58–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Selosse, M.-A., & Rousset, F. (2011). Evolution. The plant-fungal marketplace. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6044), 828–829.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guler, U., Boltasseva, A., & Shalaev, V. M. (2014). Applied physics. Refractory plasmonics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6181), 263–264.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matthews, J. C. F., Poulios, K., Meinecke, J. D. A., Politi, A., Peruzzo, A., Ismail, N., et al. (2013). Observing fermionic statistics with photons in arbitrary processes. Scientific reports, 3, 1539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dormieux, L., & Kondo, D. (2016). Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Krawczyk, H. (Ed.). (2014). Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2014: 17th International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography, Buenos Aires, Argentina, March 26-28, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8383). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, P., & Makino, H. (2014). Liquefied Dimethyl Ether: An Energy-Saving, Green Extraction Solvent. In F. Chemat & M. A. Vian (Eds.), Alternative Solvents for Natural Products Extraction (pp. 91–106). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 23). Can Video Games Create A Sharper Mind? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Federal Aviation Administration: Stronger Architecture Program Needed to Guide Systems Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-05-266). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Batson, G. (2008). Head Start and at -risk students: Perceptions of administrators, practitioners, and parents (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, July 8). The Week; Lowe’s Completes Deal To Buy Catering Hall. New York Times, p. 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexander 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander 2005; Selosse and Rousset 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Selosse and Rousset 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Matthews et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Research
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Res. (Canberra)
ISSN (print)1443-2447
ISSN (online)1835-9469

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