How to format your references using the WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe M. Immunology goes global. Nature. 2005 Jun 30;435(7046):1282–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander T, Natarajan P. Rapid growth of seed black holes in the early universe by supra-exponential accretion. Science. 2014 Sep 12;345(6202):1330–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruhn D, Groebner N, Kohlstedt DL. An interconnected network of core-forming melts produced by shear deformation. Nature. 2000 Feb 24;403(6772):883–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu Y, Zhuang J, Ge X, Zhang X, Wang Z, Sun J, et al. Identifcation of a novel mutation p.I240T in the FRMD7 gene in a family with congenital nystagmus. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 30;3:3084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison RG. Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Kosowski A, Yamashita M, editors. Structural Information and Communication Complexity: 18th International Colloquium, SIROCCO 2011, Gdańsk, Poland, June 26-29, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XI, 317 p. 45 illus., 9 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6796).
A chapter in an edited book
Wheatly MG, Gao Y, Gillen CM. Epithelial Calcium Transport in Crustaceans: Adaptation to Intrinsic and Extrinsic Stressors. In: Gerencser GA, editor. Epithelial Transport Physiology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010. p. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Watch Live As SpaceX Attempts To Launch And Land Its Latest Rocket Again Today [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Implementation of Recommendations Is Under Way, but Completion Will Take Several Years. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Apr. Report No.: RCED-98-102.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon CA. Comparison of language arts scores between computerized and teacher differentiation of instruction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M. Mom and Pop Own Fewer Rentals. New York Times. 2017 Aug 31;RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationWHO South East Asia J. Public Health
ISSN (print)2224-3151
ISSN (online)2304-5272

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