How to format your references using the WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Munk W. Ocean science. Ocean freshening, sea level rising. Science. 2003 Jun 27;300(5628):2041–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster KR, Ratnieks FL. Facultative worker policing in a wasp. Nature. 2000 Oct 12;407(6805):692–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu S, Shima T, Hou Z. Carbon-carbon bond cleavage and rearrangement of benzene by a trinuclear titanium hydride. Nature. 2014 Aug 28;512(7515):413–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Polonsky M, Rimer J, Kern-Perets A, Zaretsky I, Miller S, Bornstein C, et al. Induction of CD4 T cell memory by local cellular collectivity. Science. 2018 Jun 15;360(6394).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker AA. Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
El Miedany Y, editor. Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography in Rheumatic Diseases. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XIV, 389 p. 316 illus., 221 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Symonds J. Stooping to Pick Up Stones: A Reflection on Urban Archaeology. In: Beaudry MC, Symonds J, editors. Interpreting the Early Modern World: Transatlantic Perspectives. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. p. 63–84. (Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Ocean Energy Needs A Cyberinfrastructure To Thrive [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Policy: Historical Tax Treatment of INTELSAT and Current Tax Rules for Satellite Corporations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christiansen DA. Investigation of magnetic proximity effect in ferromagnet/superconductor thin films by low temperature Magneto Optical Kerr Effect measurement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. A Prosperous Russian City Is Also Fatal for Journalists. New York Times. 2003 Oct 23;A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationWHO South East Asia J. Public Health
ISSN (print)2224-3151
ISSN (online)2304-5272

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