How to format your references using the WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haigh JD. Climate variability and the influence of the Sun. Science. 2001 Dec 7;294(5549):2109–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morel FMM, Groves JT. Retrospective: Edward I. Stiefel (1942-2006). Science. 2006 Dec 1;314(5804):1406.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kossin JP, Emanuel KA, Vecchi GA. The poleward migration of the location of tropical cyclone maximum intensity. Nature. 2014 May 15;509(7500):349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu L, Liu J, Wu K, Klein T, Jiang Y, Wang JP. Evaluation of hyperthermia of magnetic nanoparticles by dehydrating DNA. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 27;4:7216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson EFG. Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Hoff JT, Keep RF, Xi G, Hua Y, editors. Brain Edema XIII. Vienna: Springer; 2006. XV, 460 p. With 137 partly coloured figs. (Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum; vol. 96).
A chapter in an edited book
Torri MC, Herrmann TM. Gram Mooligai Limited Company (GMCL) – An Alternative Bioprospecting and Development Model: Constitution, Structure and Its Functioning. In: Herrmann TM, editor. Bridges Between Tradition and Innovation in Ethnomedicine: Fostering Local Development Through Community-Based Enterprises in India. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 85–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Nasty Fungus Is Imminent Threat to North American Salamanders. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety Hazards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Aug. Report No.: 121320.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emenyonu NI. Barriers to HIV care in rural Uganda [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lohr S. G.E., Pressured By Its Investors, Changes Leader. New York Times. 2017 Jun 12;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationWHO South East Asia J. Public Health
ISSN (print)2224-3151
ISSN (online)2304-5272

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