How to format your references using the WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott KW. Cell signaling. The BRCT domain: signaling with friends? Science. 2003 Oct 24;302(5645):579–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler D, Pockley P. Monsanto makes rice genome public. Nature. 2000 Apr 6;404(6778):534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollihar J, Levy M, Ellington AD. Biochemistry. Many paths to the origin of life. Science. 2014 Jan 17;343(6168):259–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Michel P, Benz W, Tanga P, Richardson DC. Collisions and gravitational reaccumulation: forming asteroid families and satellites. Science. 2001 Nov 23;294(5547):1696–700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bamfield P. Research and Development in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
Dritschel MA, editor. The Extended Field of Operator Theory. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007. XXVI, 388 p. (Operator Theory: Advances and Applications; vol. 171).
A chapter in an edited book
Pöschl C, Scherzer O. Distance Measures and Applications to Multimodal Variational Imaging. In: Scherzer O, editor. Handbook of Mathematical Methods in Imaging. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. p. 125–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Luntz S. Until Recently, Sahara Desert Hosted World’s Largest Freshwater Lake [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: Management of the Technology Transfer Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Mar. Report No.: GAO-06-364.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leonard Puppa EL. Duration of case management: Correlation with Medicaid pediatric patient outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Message To Einhorn: Pay Reyes. New York Times. 2011 Jun 9;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationWHO South East Asia J. Public Health
ISSN (print)2224-3151
ISSN (online)2304-5272

Other styles