How to format your references using the WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson B. Mercury, up-close again. Introduction. Science. 2008 Jul 4;321(5885):58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman MT, Churchland AK. Cognitive neuroscience: sensory noise drives bad decisions. Nature. 2013 Apr 11;496(7444):172–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiteman G, Hope C, Wadhams P. Vast costs of Arctic change. Nature. 2013 Jul 25;499(7459):401–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vilà C, Leonard JA, Gotherstrom A, Marklund S, Sandberg K, Liden K, et al. Widespread origins of domestic horse lineages. Science. 2001 Jan 19;291(5503):474–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singleton TW, Singleton AJ. Fraud Auditing and Forensic Accounting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Wymyslowski A, Iwamoto N, Yuen M, Fan H, editors. Molecular Modeling and Multiscaling Issues for Electronic Material Applications: Volume 2. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. X, 194 p. 153 illus., 77 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Akgün M, Kavak P, Demirci H. New Results on the Key Scheduling Algorithm of RC4. In: Chowdhury DR, Rijmen V, Das A, editors. Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2008: 9th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Kharagpur, India, December 14-17, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 40–52. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The Meaning of “Peer Review” Explained So That Even Breitbart Writers Can Understand [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Information on Minority-Targeted Scholarships. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jan. Report No.: HEHS-94-77.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garibay O. Towards a hybrid approach to mariachi education - Bridging the gap between formal and informal transmission of musical culture [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Foderaro LW, Rojas R. Husband Charged With Murder in Fatal Stabbing of Wife in a Placid Suburb. New York Times. 2016 Jan 22;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
AbbreviationWHO South East Asia J. Public Health
ISSN (print)2224-3151
ISSN (online)2304-5272

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