How to format your references using the Advances in Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. The best of both worlds. Seattle. Nature. 2002;417:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Oppenheim J, Wehner S. The uncertainty principle determines the nonlocality of quantum mechanics. Science. 2010;330:1072–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Humayun M, Qin L, Norman MD. Geochemical evidence for excess iron in the mantle beneath Hawaii. Science. 2004;306:91–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Behrenfeld MJ, Worthington K, Sherrell RM, Chavez FP, Strutton P, McPhaden M, et al. Controls on tropical Pacific Ocean productivity revealed through nutrient stress diagnostics. Nature. 2006;442:1025–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Alrifai T. Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Weissenbacher ER. Immunology of the Female Genital Tract. Wirth M, Mylonas I, Geburtshilfe KF, Ledger WJ, Witkin SS, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Marsaudon S, Bernard C, Dietzel D, Nguyen CV, Bonnot AM, Aimé J-P, et al. Carbon Nanotubes as SPM Tips: Mechanical Properties of Nanotube Tips and Imaging. In: Bhushan B, Fuchs H, Tomitori M, editors. Applied Scanning Probe Methods VIII: Scanning Probe Microscopy Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 137–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Simulation.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. “Stone Age” Of The Macaques Dates Back Half A Century [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Fees: Review of Air Carriers’ Year 2000 Passenger and Property Screening Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Apr. Report No.: GAO-05-558.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Newsome GA. Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vanderhart D, Pérez-Peña R, Schmidt MS. In Note Left Behind, Gunman ‘Did Not Like His Lot in Life,’ Officials Say. New York Times. 2015 Oct 3;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Simulation
AbbreviationAdv. Simul.
ISSN (online)2059-0628

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