How to format your references using the Advances in Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Eisenstein M. Clinical trials: More trials, fewer tribulations. Nature. 2014;509:S55-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lehmann J, Sohi S. Comment on “Fire-derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus.” Science. 2008;321:1295; author reply 1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ginsburg GS, Angrist M, Cook-Deegan R. Public health. Genomics and medicine at a crossroads in Chernobyl. Science. 2006;314:62–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. De Smedt P, Van Meirvenne M, Herremans D, De Reu J, Saey T, Meerschman E, et al. The 3-D reconstruction of medieval wetland reclamation through electromagnetic induction survey. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Norwitz ER, Saade GR, Miller H, Davidson CM. Obstetric Clinical Algorithms. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Billari FC, Fent T, Prskawetz A, Scheffran J, editors. Agent-Based Computational Modelling: Applications in Demography, Social, Economic and Environmental Sciences. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Anton T, Lackes R, Siepermann M. Integration of Risk Aspects into Business Process Modeling. In: Felderer M, Piazolo F, Ortner W, Brehm L, Hof H-J, editors. Innovations in Enterprise Information Systems Management and Engineering: 4th International Conference, ERP Future 2015 - Research, Munich, Germany, November 16-17, 2015, Revised Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 46–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Simulation.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Boulder Leaves Dotted Line Trail On Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airport Noise Grants: FAA Needs to Better Ensure Project Eligibility and Improve Strategic Goal and Performance Measures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-890.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Terrell S. How Global Leaders Develop: A Phenomenological Study of Global Leadership Development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Jets May Change, But Ryan Says He Won’t. New York Times. 2011 Jan 25;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Simulation
AbbreviationAdv. Simul.
ISSN (online)2059-0628

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