How to format your references using the Advances in Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hyman SE. Genome-sequencing anniversary. The meaning of the Human Genome Project for neuropsychiatric disorders. Science. 2011;331:1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brüning O, Collier P. Building a behemoth. Nature. 2007;448:285–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gridi-Papp M, Rand AS, Ryan MJ. Animal communication: complex call production in the túngara frog. Nature. 2006;441:38.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Donoghue PCJ, Bengtson S, Dong X-P, Gostling NJ, Huldtgren T, Cunningham JA, et al. Synchrotron X-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos. Nature. 2006;442:680–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kulkarni S, Harman G. An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Zeng J, Zhang R-Q, Treutlein HR, editors. Quantum Simulations of Materials and Biological Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gil GB, Bustamante AL, Berlanga A, Molina JM. ContextCare: Autonomous Video Surveillance System Using Multi-camera and Smartphones. In: Casillas J, Martínez-López FJ, Corchado Rodríguez JM, editors. Management Intelligent Systems: First International Symposium. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Simulation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Eye Tracking Is The Next Frontier Of Human-Computer Interaction [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Informing Our Nation: Improving How to Understand and Assess the USA’s Position and Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Nov. Report No.: GAO-05-1.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gomez S. Support group for caregivers coping with their child diagnosed with autism: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Fitzgerald A. Worlds in a Cell. New York Times. 2017 Aug 2;BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Simulation
AbbreviationAdv. Simul.
ISSN (online)2059-0628

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