How to format your references using the Wetlands Ecology and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands Ecology and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prewitt K (2004) Sociology. What if we give a census and no one comes? Science 304:1452–1453
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikehara T, Kataoka T (2013) Relation between the helical twist and S-shaped cross section of the lamellar crystals of polyethylene. Sci Rep 3:1444
A journal article with 3 authors
Vidale JE, Dodge DA, Earle PS (2000) Slow differential rotation of the Earth’s inner core indicated by temporal changes in scattering. Nature 405:445–448
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lu T, Pan Y, Kao S-Y, et al (2004) Gene regulation and DNA damage in the ageing human brain. Nature 429:883–891

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collins D (2008) Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Evstigneev IV (2015) Mathematical Financial Economics: A Basic Introduction. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Helsen JA, Missirlis Y (2010) Zirconium and Other Newcomers. In: Missirlis Y (ed) Biomaterials: A Tantalus Experience. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 99–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands Ecology and Management.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) America’s “Hidden Subsidies” for Fossil Fuels Are Worth $170 Billion a Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Overseas Allowances: Improvements Needed in Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper T (2009) Biting Animals. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Film Series. New York Times C20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prewitt 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Prewitt 2004; Ikehara and Kataoka 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ikehara and Kataoka 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands Ecology and Management
AbbreviationWetl. Ecol. Manag.
ISSN (print)0923-4861
ISSN (online)1572-9834
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles