How to format your references using the Wetlands Ecology and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands Ecology and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sargent M (2008) Obituary: Willis E. Lamb Jr (1913-2008). Nature 453:867
A journal article with 2 authors
Shank SS, Margoliash D (2009) Sleep and sensorimotor integration during early vocal learning in a songbird. Nature 458:73–77
A journal article with 3 authors
Bustamante C, Bryant Z, Smith SB (2003) Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics. Nature 421:423–427
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Boffelli D, McAuliffe J, Ovcharenko D, et al (2003) Phylogenetic shadowing of primate sequences to find functional regions of the human genome. Science 299:1391–1394

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulinkovich OG (2015) Cyclopropanes in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Howe CQ (2005) Perceiving Geometry: Geometrical Illusions Explained by Natural Scene Statistics. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Schulz H, Görling A (2014) Toward a Comprehensive Treatment of Temperature in Electronic Structure Calculations: Non-zero-Temperature Hartree-Fock and Exact-Exchange Kohn-Sham Methods. In: Graziani F, Desjarlais MP, Redmer R, Trickey SB (eds) Frontiers and Challenges in Warm Dense Matter. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 87–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands Ecology and Management.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) This 2-Year-Old Has A Maniacal Solution To The Trolley Problem. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Grants to New Jersey. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray RT (2015) Utilization of a Clinical Reminder System to Increase the Incidence of HIV Screening in a Primary Care Clinic. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Taylor Swift’s Single Breaks Spotify Record. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sargent 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Sargent 2008; Shank and Margoliash 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shank and Margoliash 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Boffelli et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands Ecology and Management
AbbreviationWetl. Ecol. Manag.
ISSN (print)0923-4861
ISSN (online)1572-9834
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles