How to format your references using the Wetlands Ecology and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands Ecology and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roy K (2008) Evolution. Dynamics of body size evolution. Science 321:1451–1452
A journal article with 2 authors
McKee CF, Tan JC (2002) Massive star formation in 100,000 years from turbulent and pressurized molecular clouds. Nature 416:59–61
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen UU, Chazdon RL, Holsinger KE (2005) Genetic consequences of tropical second-growth forest regeneration. Science 307:891
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mukherjee S, Joarder B, Manna B, et al (2014) Framework-flexibility driven selective sorption of p-xylene over other isomers by a dynamic metal-organic framework. Sci Rep 4:5761

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards A, Dafydd H (2014) Key Notes on Plastic Surgery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bründermann E (2012) Terahertz Techniques. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Strubbe S, Langerak R (2005) A Composition Operator for Systems with Active and Passive Actions. In: Wang F (ed) Formal Techniques for Networked and Distributed Systems - FORTE 2005: 25th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, October 2-5, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 24–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands Ecology and Management.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Why Time Seems To Go By More Quickly As We Get Older. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Missile Development: Development Status of the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison J (2009) Caregivers with sibling sets: A curriculum to increase contact and permanency for siblings in out-of-home care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) In the Classical Music World, Sept. 11 Anniversary Will Pass With Little Notice. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roy 2008).
This sentence cites two references (McKee and Tan 2002; Roy 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McKee and Tan 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mukherjee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands Ecology and Management
AbbreviationWetl. Ecol. Manag.
ISSN (print)0923-4861
ISSN (online)1572-9834
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles