How to format your references using the Wetlands Ecology and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands Ecology and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C (2004) Running interference on the genome. Nature 428:225
A journal article with 2 authors
Egnatchik RA, DeBerardinis RJ (2015) Metabolism: Growth in the fat lane. Nature 520:165–166
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström G, Nettles M, Tsai VC (2006) Seasonality and increasing frequency of Greenland glacial earthquakes. Science 311:1756–1758
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zrenner A, Beham E, Stufler S, et al (2002) Coherent properties of a two-level system based on a quantum-dot photodiode. Nature 418:612–614

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malcolm D (2012) The British and Irish Short Story Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Baudenbacher C (ed) (2016) The Handbook of EEA Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Longo VD, Fabrizio P (2012) Chronological Aging in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In: Breitenbach M, Jazwinski SM, Laun P (eds) Aging Research in Yeast. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 101–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands Ecology and Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) We Need More Than Just New Antibiotics To Fight Superbugs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Certain Weaknesses in the Administration of the Neighborhood Youth Corps Out-of-School Project in Cleveland, Ohio. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rus EL (2017) A grant proposal for program “Tech Connect”: Bridging the generations through technology coaching. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conklin K (2005) Honest Work, Honest Pay. New York Times 14NJ15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2004; Egnatchik and DeBerardinis 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Egnatchik and DeBerardinis 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zrenner et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands Ecology and Management
AbbreviationWetl. Ecol. Manag.
ISSN (print)0923-4861
ISSN (online)1572-9834
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles