How to format your references using the Wetlands Ecology and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wetlands Ecology and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman RH (2006) Chemistry. Dangerously seeking linear carbon. Science 312:1009–1110
A journal article with 2 authors
Rockström J, Falkenmark M (2015) Agriculture: increase water harvesting in Africa. Nature 519:283–285
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez G, Wilkins G, Thiemens MH (2011) The Soret effect and isotopic fractionation in high-temperature silicate melts. Nature 473:70–73
A journal article with 5 or more authors
He M, Dijkstra FA, Zhang K, et al (2014) Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus of temperate desert plants in response to climate and soil nutrient availability. Sci Rep 4:6932

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fasano A (2014) Engineer Your Own Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Alloway BJ (ed) (2013) Heavy Metals in Soils: Trace Metals and Metalloids in Soils and their Bioavailability, 3rd ed. 2013. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Onorato EM, Casilli F, Anzola GP (2015) Echocardiographic Detection and Transcranial Doppler Quantification of Right-to-Left Shunting. In: Amin Z, Tobis JM, Sievert H, Carroll JD (eds) Patent Foramen Ovale. Springer, London, pp 33–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wetlands Ecology and Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Nanotechnology To Outer Space: Ten Top Tech Innovations Of 2014. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) College Work-Study Program at the Bay College of Maryland. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGowan HC (2008) The military experience: Perceptions from senior military officers’ wives. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) Quiet Campaigns Begin For Presidency of I.O.C. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baughman 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Baughman 2006; Rockström and Falkenmark 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rockström and Falkenmark 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWetlands Ecology and Management
AbbreviationWetl. Ecol. Manag.
ISSN (print)0923-4861
ISSN (online)1572-9834
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles