How to format your references using the Journal de Traumatologie du Sport citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal de Traumatologie du Sport. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patterson W. Fifty years of hopes and fears. Nature 2007;449:664.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale JE, Li Y-G. Damage to the shallow Landers fault from the nearby Hector Mine earthquake. Nature 2003;421:524–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mei T-S, Patel HH, Sigman MS. Enantioselective construction of remote quaternary stereocentres. Nature 2014;508:340–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hussain K, Challis B, Rocha N, Payne F, Minic M, Thompson A, et al. An activating mutation of AKT2 and human hypoglycemia. Science 2011;334:474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castañeda LB, Arunachalam V, Dharmaraja S. Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Duval B, van den Herik J, Loiseau S, Filipe J, editors. Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, ICAART 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 8946. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Scutari G, Palomar DP, Facchinei F, Pang J-S. Monotone Games for Cognitive Radio Systems. In: Johansson R, Rantzer A, editors. Distributed Decision Making and Control, London: Springer; 2012, p. 83–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal de Traumatologie du Sport.

Blog post
Luntz S. One Part Of The Brain Keeps Growing As An Adult. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Systematic Planning Needed to Optimize Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penney G. Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Somaiya R, Schaap R, Mueller A, Rapkin M, Spitznagel E, Samuels T, et al. Why Are They Always Apologizing? New York Times 2012:MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal de Traumatologie du Sport
AbbreviationJ. Traumatol. Sport
ISSN (print)0762-915X
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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