How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Criminology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Criminology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V. (2007). Astronomy. From darkness to light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1511–1512.
A journal article with 2 authors
LaRue, C. C., & Padilla, P. A. (2012). IBI series winner. A mutant search--Caenorhabditis elegans and gene discovery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stager, J. C., Day, J. J., & Santini, S. (2004). Comment on “Origin of the superflock of cichlid fishes from Lake Victoria, East Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 963; author reply 963.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, H. J., Oh, S. A., Brownfield, L., Hong, S. H., Ryu, H., Hwang, I., et al. (2008). Control of plant germline proliferation by SCF(FBL17) degradation of cell cycle inhibitors. Nature, 455(7216), 1134–1137.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quesnel, F. (2014). Scheduling of Large-Scale Virtualized Infrastructures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kreysa, G., Ota, K.-I., & Savinell, R. F. (Eds.). (2014). Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdulrahman, R., Neagu, D., Holton, D. R. W., Ridley, M., & Lan, Y. (2013). Data Extraction from Online Social Networks Using Application Programming Interface in a Multi Agent System Approach. In N. T. Nguyen (Ed.), Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XI (pp. 88–118). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Criminology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, May 11). You Can Now Buy Tesla’s Solar Roof Tiles (If You’re Very Rich). IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Telephone Communications: Controlling Cross-Subsidy Between Regulated and Competitive Services (No. RCED-88-34). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gindin, M. (2012). Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, January 8). Feeling Blah? There’s a Book About That. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm 2007; LaRue and Padilla 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (LaRue and Padilla 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Criminology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Criminol.
ISSN (print)1573-3750
ISSN (online)1572-8315

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